The EPA Administrators

Agency Administrators / EPA

The Ash Council

The US Environmental Protection Agency was created during the Nixon administration at the behest of the Ash Council, which in turn was created by Roy L. Ash, the president of Litton Industries, a major government contracting conglomerate. Ash was born in Los Angeles in 1918. After high school, he joined the city cash collection department of the Bank of America, National Trust and Savings Association, until joining the Army in 1942. During World War II, he served in the Army Air Force's Statistical Control Service, from which also came Charles B. "Tex" Thornton, the co-founder of Litton Industries, and Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara. After the war, Ash graduated from the Harvard Business School in 1947. He rejoined the Bank of America for two years, then rejoined Thornton at the Hughes Aircraft Company. In 1953, Thornton and Ash formed their own company, then called the Electro-Dynamics Corporation. Lehman Brothers financed their purchase of Litton Industries. Members of the Ash Council were George P. Baker, Dean of the Harvard Business School; Treasury Secretary designate John B. Connally Jr.; Frederick R. Kappel, chairman of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company; Richard M. Paget, New York management consultant; and Walter N. Thayer. The Ash Council also led to the creation of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). (Personality: 'Alter Ego' in the Presidency. By John M. Lee. New York Times, Sep. 10, 1961; Roy Lawrence Ash. By Jack Rosenthal. New York Times, Jan. 23, 1971.) Litton Bionetics had a $10 million-plus contract to manage, operate and maintain the National Cancer Institute's Frederick Cancer Research Center at Fort Detrick, Maryland. (FASEB Newsletter, 1973 Aug;6(6):2-3.) Thayer was the former head of John Hay Whitney's Whitney Communications Corporation. Norman H. Topping was elected a director of Litton Industries in 1970. (Answers Muffled At Litton Meeting. By Robert A. Wright. New York Times, Dec. 14, 1970.) Ash resigned from Litton in 1972 to be the director of OMB. He and Thornton were then sued by a former co-founder of Litton for cutting him out of his share of the company. At the trial, it merged that, as the chief financial officer at Hughes Aircraft from 1949 to 1953, Ash forced accountants to make false entries which overbilled the US Air Force by $43 million; and a former superior at Hughes said that he had fired Thornton and Ash. They settled for $2.4 million. (Allegations Against Ash Focus on Accounting for Hughes. By Wallace Turner. New York Times, Jan. 28, 1973.) Ash's predecessor at OMB was Caspar W. Weinberger, whose 'principal assistant' was William H. Taft IV, of the Skull & Bones family.

FASEB Newsletter, Aug. 1973 / UCSF (pdf, 4 pp)

The Chase Manhattan Bank held 9.0% of Litton Industries. Cede & Co. (the nominee of the New York Stock Exchange), Credit Suisse, Societe de Banque Suisse, the First National Bank of Chicago, and an unnamed individual each held 2.8% or more. (Disclosure of Corporate Ownership. Prepared by the Subcommittee on Intergovernmental Relations, and Budgeting, Management, and Expenditures of the Committee on Government Operations, United States Senate, Dec. 27, 1973, Litton pp. 53-54; Cede pp. 140-141; Jackson pp. 335-339. Requested of the Congressional Research Service in August 1972.) William E. Jackson, Skull & Bones 1941, of Milbank, Tweed, Hadley & McCloy, was counsel to Cede & Co., which could evidently vote the stock as it saw fit, in the absence of instructions from its owners. (Procedures Involving Stock Held in Name of Cede & Co. and Other Nominees, ibid.; Jackson's Son Admitted to High Court Practice. New York Times, Jan. 29, 1952.) "Cede" was short for "Central Delivery," the computerized bookkeeping system of the NYSE. (Automate Is Word on the Big Board. By Vartanig G. Vartan. New York Times, Jun. 4, 1967.) The president of the Exchange was Keith Funston, one of Mary Lasker's cronies in the National Cancer Act of 1971.

Disclosure of Corporate Ownership, 1973 (Litton Industries) / UCSF (pdf, 416 pp)

William Ruckelshaus

Ruckelshaus was the first Administrator of the EPA, from Dec. 4, 1970 to April 30, 1973, and again from May 18, 1983 to Jan. 4, 1985. He had been in the Indiana Attorney General's office, and was appointed to counsel to the State Board of Health, where he worked with a state assignee from the Public Health Service named Jerry Hansler. Ruckelshaus says, "Then when I was in the Justice Department as an Assistant Attorney General in the Nixon Administration [Civil Division], he called me one day in spring 1970 and said, 'Have you heard of this new agency called EPA?' I said, 'I don't know what you're talking about.' He said, 'The [Roy] Ash Commission has recommended that the president create this new agency. I would like to recommend you as the new administrator.' I said, 'I don't know anything about it, let me look into it.' I looked into it, he called me back, and I said, 'That's about as big a long shot as I've ever heard.' Hansler said, 'I've got a friend at Newsweek. I'll have him run your name as a possible candidate in the Periscope column in Newsweek. Let's see what happens.'"

"After my name appeared there, it started showing up in other places. He started it. Hansler did the whole thing! [sic - with help from the Lasker Syndicate] I finally talked to my boss, Attorney General John Mitchell about it. I said, 'Look, I have had nothing to do with these leaks, let me tell you how it's happening.' Then I explained the story to him. I said, 'This guy Hansler is doing it. I'm not stimulating this myself.' He said, 'Are you interested in the job?' I said, 'The leaks have stimulated me to think about it. I've read all the material about it and the answer is yes, I am. But I'm not eager to leave the Justice Department. That's not something I'm burning to do.' Mitchell said, 'We've got a couple of people we're talking to now, but let's wait and see.' About a month later he called and said the other two guys turned it down! I never knew who they were. Mitchell said 'We need somebody over there and I'm going to recommend you to the president.' I said, 'Well, all right.' That's how it happened." (Road to EPA, from a January 1993 interview by Dr. Michael Gorn.)

Ruckelshaus interview / EPA

From Gerald M Hansler Biography, EPA Press Release, Sep. 1, 1971: "Hansler, a veteran of 16 years in Federal environmental control activities, will be in charge of all EPA programs in New York, New Jersey, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands... Hansler has served in New York City since 1967 in a variety of top environmental management posts with the Federal Government. Before joining the Environmental Protection Agency, Hansler was the Assistant Regional Administrator for the Consumer Protection and Environmental Health Services of the Department of Health, Education and Welfare."

Hansler appointment / EPA 1971

Hansler's retirement bio by the Delaware River Basin Commission reveals more details: "Having acquired degrees in both Civil and Industrial Engineering from the University of Washington in his native state, he joined the U.S. Public Health Service and worked all over the country on public health issues, many concerning water and pollution control... Eventually, he retired from the USPHS at the rank of Assistant Surgeon General, equivalent to Rear Admiral." He is said to be planning "his next career as a globe-trotting consultant."

Hansler / Delaware River Basin Commission

Ruckelshaus on Smoking

"William Ruckelshaus, Environmental Protection Agency administrator, said in a tv interview, "...I don't smoke. I used to smoke until Dr. Steinfeld's predecessor scared me to death about what would happen to you if you continued. And as I go down the years from when I used to smoke, it's more and more irritating to me that those who don't pay any attention to those who don't care to. And it may well be that we have to see that those who don't smoke are protected from those who do." (Tobacco Institute Newsletter Number 39, Dec. 22, 1971.) Evidently they "forgot" to tell Ruckelshaus that much the same things would happen to him whether he smoked or not (the #1 probability is heart disease, followed by some form of cancer), and he was not smart enough to figure it out himself. And his belief that he needs to be "protected" is a delusion stemming from his irrational fears. Ruckelshaus is a case in point that people with soft minds who are easily manipulated by propaganda should not be permitted to rule the rest of us.

Ruckelshaus, Tobacco Institute Newsletter No. 39, 1971 / UCSF (pdf, 6 pp)

Ruckelshaus was a member of the Board of Trustees of the Scientists' Institute for Public Information, an organization which supplies videotape to the mass media. Other trustees included David Baltimore, Edward E. David of the Washington Advisory Group, William T. Golden, Mary Lasker's old friend Mathilde Krim, and Russell Train. (SIPI brochure, undated.)

SIPI brochure, undated / UCSF (pdf, 11 pp)

Cummins Engine Company

Ruckelshaus has been a director of Cummins Engine Company since 1974. He probably played a key role behind the scenes in setting up Cummins to form the Health Effects Institute in 1980. The HEI is a so-called "partnership" of the automotive industry with the Environmental Protection Agency, a cynical ploy to make HEI's pseudo-science seem more credible. It actually loots the industry to fund corrupt studies to justify more regulations against itself.

Nordstrom Inc.

Ruckelshaus has been a director of the family-controlled Nordstrom Inc. since 1985. In 1997, McDonald's Corp. director Enrique Hernandez joined the board, and in 2002, McDonald's Corp. director Jeanne P. Jackson joined the board.

Nordstrom 2003 DEF 14A / Securities and Exchange Commission


"In 1985, Monsanto bought Searle for $2.7 billion. The investment banking work, generating a $1.8-million fee, was handed to William Blair, whose managing partner was Ned Jannotta. On leaving Searle after the sale, [Searle CEO Donald] Rumsfeld was named a senior advisor to Blair while he figured out what to do next." (The Don, by Carol Felsenthal. Chicago Magazine June 2001.) Ruckelshaus and Citibank chairman/PM director/RAND Trustee John S. Reed both joined the board of directors of Monsanto in 1985, and Philip Leder joined them in 1990.

Monsanto 1999 DEF 14A / Securities and Exchange Commission

Pharmacia Corp.

Ruckelshaus and Leder continued as directors of Pharmacia after it acquired and spun off Monsanto. Fellow directors include Bengt Samuelsson, former president of the Karolinska Institute and the current chairman of the Nobel Foundation; and Frank Carlucci, a director of Pharmacia/Upjohn since 1997.

Pharmacia 2002 DEF 14A / Securities and Exchange Commission

Browning Ferris Industries Inc.

Ruckelshaus was Chairman and CEO of Browning Ferris Industries from 1988 to 1995, and continues as director Chairman until 2002. Marina v.N. Whitman, a former vice president of General Motors and a director of Procter & Gamble, joined the board in 1992.

Browning Ferris Industries 1999 DEF 14A / Securities and Exchange Commission

Weyerhaeuser Co.

Ruckelshaus has been a director of Weyerhaeuser since 1989. In 1999, the board added Arnold Langbo, retired chairman of Kellogg Co. and director of Johnson & Johnson; and Ambassador Clayton Yeutter, Of Counsel to the law firm Hogan & Hartson. In 2000, J&J director Philip Hawley retired from the Weyerhaeuser board, and in 2002, Nicole W. Piasecki, a possible relative of J. Seward Johnson, joined.

Weyerhaeuser 1999 DEF14A / Securities and Exchange Commission
Weyerhaeuser 2003 DEF14A / Securities and Exchange Commission

Ruckelshaus was a member of the Presidential Economic Delegation to Poland under GHW Bush in 1989. Other members included Robert Galvin, Chairman of Motorola Corp.; William Donaldson, Chairman and CEO of Donaldson Enterprises, and also a director of Philip Morris; and Dr. Theodore Cooper, President and CEO of The Upjohn Co., and a correspondent of Mary Lasker from 1970 to 1992. (Statement by Press Secretary Fitzwater, Nov. 15, 1989.)

Presidential Economic Delegation to Poland / Bush Library

Ruckelshaus is a Life Trustee of the Urban Institute. Other Life Trustees include Warren E. Buffett, James E. Burke, Joseph A. Califano, William T. Coleman of the RAND Corporation, former US Trade Representative Carla A. Hills, Vernon E. Jordan Jr., J. Irwin Miller of Cummins Engine Company, and Cyrus R. Vance. Trustees in 2000 included Katharine Graham of The Washington Post, and Philip Morris director Lucio Noto.

2000 Annual Report / Urban Institute (pdf)

Douglas Costle

EPA Administrator 1977 to 1981. "Q: You served as staff to the Ash Council, which created EPA. Who brought you onto the Ash Council? MR. COSTLE: A friend named Amory Bradford, who had once run the New York Times and served in a variety of federal positions over the years." The Ash Council also created the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). Roy Ash, the chairmain, was the head of Litton Industries, a major government contractor. "In the midst of all this, Amory's staff was grappling with improving the organization of the government's myriad programs dealing with the environment, ranging from managing public lands to mineral leasing and extraction, anti-pollution programs, power generation, and the regulation of pesticides. These functions were scattered throughout the Departments of Interior to Agriculture to HEW (Health, Education and Welfare) and independent agencies. This executive branch fragmentation of authority was mirrored on Capitol Hill, among all its different committees and subcommittees. The Council's predisposition was to lump all these programs into one new cabinet department." "[T]he Ash Council endorsed the idea of a separate, independent EPA reporting to the President. They did not seriously consider a commission form like the FTC (Federal Trade Commission) or the ICC (Interstate Commerce Commission), regulatory agencies set up primarily for the economic regulation of industry, which were as much creatures of Congress as of the Executive Branch... Using a reorganization plan was brilliant, because necessitating a congressional veto changed the dynamics considerably. It meant Congress had to organize to defeat the plan within 60 days. In the end, Congress couldn't muster the opposition. Bill Ruckelshaus, who was then at Justice as an Assistant Attorney General, was named administrator one week before the EPA's effective date of December 2." (Douglas M. Costle: Oral History Interview, by Dr. Dennis Williams on August 4-5, 1996, Ash Council and creation of EPA. US Environmental Protection Agency History. )

Douglas M. Costle: Oral History Interview / US EPA

Amory Howe Bradford, Skull & Bones 1934, joined the New York Times in 1947, and became its vice president, general manager and a director until 1963. He was married to Carol Warburg Rothschild. Ash Council member Walter N. Thayer represented the publishers during the newspaper strike. (Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Named Times Publisher. New York Times, Jun 21, 1963.)

Lee M. Thomas

Thomas was EPA Administrator from 1985 to 1989; now Executive Vice President of Consumer Products for Georgia Pacific.

Thomas / Georgia Pacific

Thomas was a director of Hercules Inc. from 1991 to 1997.

Hercules 1997 DEF 14A / Securities and Exchange Commission

William K. Reilly

Reilly was a crony of Carla A. Hills, the Bush administration's chief trade negotiator, since the United Nations Conference on Human Settlements in 1976.

Reilly was EPA Administrator from Feb. 6, 1989, to Jan. 20, 1993. From 1972 to 1973, he headed a task force on land use and urban growth, chaired by Laurance S. Rockefeller.

Reilly bio / US Environmental Protection Agency

Reilly pronounced his blessing upon the environmental provisions of NAFTA, as negotiated by Hills (Statement on the North American Free Trade Act, by William K. Reilly. Aug. 13, 1992.)

Aug. 13, 1992 Statement by William Reilly / US EPA

Reilly statement on the EPA ETS Report, Jan. 7, 1993.

Reilly statement on EPA Report, 1993 / UCSF (pdf, 5 pp)

There is not a word in this review about the report for which Reilly's regime is the most famous: "Counting On Science at EPA. William Reilly is trying to give science a bigger role in EPA policy and wants to focus on the worst environmental problems, not just the most visible." By Leslie Roberts. Science 1990 Aug. 10;249:616-618.

William Reilly, Science 1990 / UCSF (pdf, 3 pp)

Reilly has been a director of E.I. DuPont de Nemours since 1993. Edgar M. Bronfman and Charles R. Bronfman were directors from 1981 to 1995, and Edgar M. Bronfman Jr. was a director from 1991 to 1995. Edgar Sr.'s fellow Salk Institute trustee, Andrew F. Brimmer, was a director from 1974 to 1997.

DuPont 2003 DEF 14A / Securities and Exchange Commission

Reilly and Cummins Engine Co. director Franklin A. Thomas have been directors of Conoco Inc. (which is controlled by DuPont) since 1998.

Conoco 2002 DEF 14A / Securities and Exchange Commission

Reilly has been a director of Royal Caribbean Cruises Inc. since 1998. He received $300,000 from the company for environmental consulting services in 2002.

Royal Caribbean Cruises 2003 Form 20-F / Securities and Exchange Commission

Reilly has been a director of Ionics since 2000.

Ionics 2003 DEF 14A / Securities and Exchange Commission

Christine Todd Whitman

Christine Todd Whitman was the Republican Governor of New Jersey from 1993 to 2001, then EPA Administrator from 01/31/01 to 06/27/03. She was born in New York City in 1946, attended Far Hills Country Day School, and graduated from Wheaton College in 1968. "Christine Todd Whitman is the President of The Whitman Strategy Group, a management consulting/strategic planning partnership servicing both government and business clients... Mrs. Whitman currently serves on the Board of Directors of S.C. Johnson and Son, Inc., Texas Instruments, United Technologies and The Millennium Challenge Corporation. Governor Whitman is also Co-Chairman of the National Smart Growth Council, and serves on the Steering Committee of The Cancer Institute of New Jersey; the Leadership Council of the Republican Pro-Choice Coalition; the Governing Board of the Oquirrh Institute; and as a member of the board of the New America Foundation. She is also a member of the newly formed Center for Civic Engagement and Volunteerism Advisory Board at Raritan Valley Community College." (Christine Todd Whitman. Speakers Series, accessed Jan. 22 2006.)

Her husband is John Russell Whitman, the son of Civil Court Judge Charles S. Whitman Jr., and grandson of Charles S. Whitman Sr., the Governor of New York from 1915 to 1918. When they married, he was a financial consultant and an officer of the First National City Bank of New York. Her attendants included Mrs. Reeve Schley 3d, her cousin. (Miss Christie Todd Is Married. New York Times Apr. 21, 1974.) Mrs. Charles S. Whitman raised funds for Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (3 Dinner Dances Will Raise Funds For Cancer Unit. New York Times, Sep. 25, 1960.) John R. Whitman was a vice president of Citicorp and Citibank before joining Prudential Bache in 1987. He later formed his own consulting firm, Broken Bridge Inc. (Whitman Releases '92 Tax Returns: Rich, to No Surprise. New York Times Aug. 6, 1993.) John R. Whitman negotiated Citicorp's participation in the leveraged buyouts of Dr. Pepper and Seven-Up from Hicks & Haas in 1986, who acquired them from Forstmann-Little & Co. and Philip Morris, respectively. Whitman was then chairman and chief executive of Interfunding Inc., the merchant banking arm of Prudential-Bache, and a board member of Seven-Up. (Dr. Pepper/7Up Stake to Be Sold. By Nina Andrews. New York Times, Apr. 14, 1988.) Whitman was the managing partner of Sycamore Partners, which is incorporated in the Cayman Islands. He denied that he had threatened Donald Trump's CEO, L. Ribis, with "ramifications" if Trump didn't drop his lawsuit against the state, such as taking away their casino licenses. (Whitman's Husband Has Behind-the-Scenes Role. New York Times, Oct. 18, 1997.)

Her mother was Eleanor Prentice Schley, the daughter of Reeve Schley, who was the nephew of tobacco financier Grant B. Schley. Her father was Webster Bray Todd; the ushers at their marriage included Reeve Schley Jr. and John D. Rockefeller's son-in-law David Milton. The couple resided at 1 Beekman Place. (Miss Schley Bride of Webster B. Todd. New York Times, Oct. 11, 1933.) Her mother was a patroness of the Flower Homeopathic Hospital (Hospital Service to Profit by Fete. New York Times, May 6, 1934, and three more newspaper articles promoting it; Annual Dinner Dance Given for Hospital. New York Times, Apr. 30, 1936; Patronesses Are Listed. New York Times, Mar. 21, 1937, with Mrs. Louis S. Cates; Hospital Group Dances. New York Times, Apr. 14, 1937, with Mr. and Mrs. Clarence M. Woolley; Cardinal Supports Hospital Campaign. New York Times, Dec. 11, 1937; Indoor Fete to Aid Hospital Charity. New York Times, Feb. 27, 1938), along with Mrs. Royal S. Copeland, wife of the U.S. Senator who introduced the legislation establishing the National Cancer Institute. (Senate Votes For $1,450,000 Cancer Center. Washington Post, Jul. 23, 1937.) Webster B. Todd was on the Board of Trustees of Flower Hospital. (Medical School to be Dedicated. New York Times, Dec. 10, 1939; Medical Degrees to Go to 65 Today. New York Times, Jun. 2, 1939.) Eleanor S. Todd was president of the New Jersey Federation of Republican Women from 1946 to 1952, vice chairman of the Republican National Committee in 1956, and a Republican National Committeewoman from New Jersey from 1956 to 1966. "She attended every Republican national convention as a delegate, alternate or convention manager from 1940 to 1976, and was a member of the board of governors of the Women's National Republican Club." (Eleanor S. Todd, 79, A Longtime Leader In New Jersey G.O.P. New York Times, Jan. 2, 1991.) In 1965, Mrs. Webster B. Todd was a member of Republicans for Progress, a "progressive" Republican splinter group headed by Charles P. Taft, S&B 1918, whose political crony, John C. Topping Jr., lobbied for the EPA to proclaim that secondhand smoke caused cancer. (19 Republicans Join Party Progressives. New York Times, Apr. 15, 1965). Another member, Walter N. Thayer, was a member of the ASH Council that created the EPA.

1 Beekman Place was built for John D. Rockefeller Jr. by Webster B. Todd Sr.'s construction firm while his father, John R. Todd, was designing Rockefeller Center. Its early tenants besides the Miltons and Todds included William J. Donovan, who founded the O.S.S.; David K.E. Bruce, who headed the O.S.S. in London; and John D. Rockefeller III. (A Rockefeller Co-op and Its 460-Foot-Long Garage. New York Times, Oct. 1, 2000; Acquire Beekman Place Suites. New York Times, Feb. 28, 1930; Colonel Donovan Buys Cooperative. New York Times, Jun. 21, 1930.) Other tenants included former New York City Police Commissioner (1914-1918) Arthur Woods, famed for his expertise on opium smuggling (Arthur Woods Buys Miassonette. New York Times, Jan. 9, 1930); Edith M.K. and Maude A.K. Wetmore, daughters of the late U.S. Sen. George Peabody Wetmore, Skull & Bones 1867, whose fortune came from the "China trade" (3 Large Apartments Sold. New York Times, May 13, 1930); Mrs. Joseph E. Willard, daughter of the Confederate spy and mother-in-law of Kermit Roosevelt of C.I.A. fame, also Charles A. Blackwell of Redmond & Co., Herbert Satterlee, and Howard P. Homans (Mrs. Joseph E. Willard Buys 31 Rooms in 1 Beekman Place. New York Times, May 28, 1930); Archibald B. Roosevelt (Cooperatives Sold. New York Times, Jun. 5, 1930); and George de Cuevas (Buys Suite in 1 Beekman Place. New York Times, Jun. 11, 1930).

Christine Todd Whitman's grandfather, John Reynard Todd, born in Johnstown, Wisconsin, was the son of James Doeg Todd, a Presbyterian minister. He graduated fom Princeton University in 1889, then was nominated for a teaching position at the Syrian Protestant College in Beirut, and spent two years in the Near East. After returning to the U.S., he graduated from New York Law School in 1894, but was sidetracked into construction by a friend, Henry Clay Irons. They formed Irons & Todd, and erected the Cunard Steamship Company Building, built the new Equitable Trust Building, and remodeled the Sherry Hotel for the Guaranty Trust. Irons retired ca. 1920-22, and Todd formed the firm of Todd, Robertson, Todd Engineering Corporation with his brother, Dr. James M. Todd, and Hugh S. Robertson, which constructed the Graybar Building, the Ritz Tower, the Postum Building and the Hotel Barclay. He was "a prohibitionist of long standing," but wanted a moratorium on the Prohibition Amendment. (John R. Todd Dies; Noted Builder, 77. New York Times, May 13, 1945; Dr. James M. Todd, Retired Builder. New York Times, Jan. 6, 1939.) Todd donated $1,000 to the American Society for the Control of Cancer in 1926. ($514,709 For Cancer Fight. New York Times, Dec. 31, 1936.)

Christine Todd Whitman's father, Webster B. Todd, began as a partner in the Todd, Robertson, Todd Engineering Company, then formed Todd & Brown Inc. in 1928. He was a "specialist in fund-raising" and was chairman of the New Jersey Republican Finance Committee from 1948-53 and 1973-74, and the state party chairman from 1961-69 and 1974-76. (Webster B. Todd Is Dead at 89; Ex-Leader of Jersey Republicans. New York Times, Feb. 10, 1989.) He was a director of the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company from at least 1942 to 1951. (Display Ad 16. Chicago Daily Tribune Oct. 6, 1942 p. 16; Display Ad 85. New York Times Sep. 30, 1946 p. 17; Display Ad 142. New York Times, Jan. 8, 1951.) He was briefly a partner of J.H. Whitney and Company, but left to become a director of the Equity Corporation. (New Firm to Back Small Businesses. New York Times, Feb. 15, 1946; Chosen as a Director of Equity Corporation. New York Times, Mar. 12, 1947.) He and David Milton, president of the Equity Corporation, represented it on the board of the Bell Aircraft Corporation. (Bell Aircraft Elects 2. New York Times, Mar. 18, 1948.)

Christie Todd's sister, Kate Prentice Todd, Mrs. Robert A.G. Monks, and Joan Babcock, a great-granddaughter of the founder of the Guaranty Trust who married James Cox Brady, a descendant of tobacco financier Anthony N. Brady, were attendants at the wedding Patricia White to Carl W. Timpson Jr. (Patricia White Is Wed in Peapack. New York Times, Dec. 4, 1955.) Christie Todd was maid of honor at her sister Kate's wedding. Mrs. Carl W. Timpson was an attendant, and Nicholas F. Brady 3d was a page. Carl W. Timpson, Frederick Moseley 3d, Reuben Richards [son of Tobacco and Allied Stocks director Junius A. Richards], and her brothers, John R. Todd and Webster B. Todd Jr., were ushers. (Charles O. Thompson Marries Kate P. Todd in Oldwick, N.J. New York Times, Oct. 14, 1956.) Her brother, Webster B. Todd Jr., married Sheila O’Keefe, the stepdaughter of James Wear Walker, the brother of Dr. John Mercer Walker Sr., Skull & Bones 1931, uncles of President George Herbert Walker Bush (S&B 1948). The bride's stepsister, Hilary Walker, was the maid of honor. (Sheila Mitchell O'Keefe Is Married. New York Times, Oct. 25, 1964.)

The Tobacco Institute gave $1,000 to Whitman's campaign for governor in 1995. (Correspondence between Public Strategies/Impact for the N.J. Republican State Committee and Pat Donoho of the Tobacco Institute, July-Sep. 1995.)

Tobacco Institute & N.J. Republican State Committee, 1995 / UCSF (pdf, 10 pp)

As the Republican governor of New Jersey, Whitman doubled the cigarette tax from 40 to 80 cents a pack, making it the third highest in the country. Her cigarette tax proposals had been soundly defeated until she steered the loot to benefit the lobbies for school construction and funding hospital bills of the uninsured, which demonstartes who really held the power. It was part of a grand orgy of state cigarette tax increases in 1997, with New Jersey being the tenth state to do so. The anti-smoker bitch pretended that it was a "user fee" that was justified by the supposed uniquely pernicious health effects of tobacco. (New Jersey Legislators Vote To Increase Cigarette Tax. By Abby Goodnough. New York Times, Dec.19, 1997; States Are Rolling Their Own Cigarette-Tax Increases. By Dana Milbank. The Wall Street Journal, Feb. 5, 1998.)

Wall Street Journal, Feb. 5, 1998 / UCSF (pdf, 1 p)

Governors Christine Todd Whitman of New Jersey and George Voinovich of Ohio helped Rob Reiner's California Children and Families Initiative. (Letter, Mike Huffington to California Secretary of State Bill Jones, Mar. 9, 1998.)

Huffington to Jones, Mar. 9, 1998 / UCSF (pdf, 3 pp)

The EPA Office of Air and Radiation

Office of Air and Radiation (OAR) / EPA

Morton Lippmann

Morton Lippmann was the Chairman of the EPA Science Advisory Board Review Committee for Risk Assessment for Environmental Tobacco Smoke, which produced the corrupt EPA report.

From Rep. Thomas Bliley's statement to the House Committee on Energy and Commerce, July 21, 1993: "During my investigation, we learned from both Donald Barnes, the SAB staff director, and Robert Flaak, his assistant, that Mr. Flaak deliberately went around his boss, Dr. Barnes, to Dr. Lippmann and enlisted his support in overruling Dr. Barnes' decision not to invite Dr. Burns to join the panel. It would not be unreasonable in this circumstances for a scientist in Dr. Lippmann's position to fear the public consequences of a refusal to give in to the demand of the antismoking lobby on this issue. [Bliley is too charitable - Lippmann is part of the anti-smoking lobby -cast] There also were suggestions that Dr. Lippmann and Mr. Flaak may have met with at least one reporter who had written a series of articles on ETS prior to the December 1990 SAB meeting to discuss the press coverage the meeting might generate based upon the panel's conclusion. Many unanswered questions remain about Mr. Flaak's behind-the-scenes role in conducting off-the-record meetings with antismokers and other activities in connection with the panel's composition." Robert Flaak is still at the EPA; he is one of those bio-less skulkers on whom no background is available. Lippmann has been on the Executive Committee of the Science Advisory Board, which is described as the "nerve center of SAB activity," from 1999-2001.

1999 SAB Executive Committee / EPA
2000 SAB Executive Committee / EPA
2001 SAB Executive Committee / EPA
2002 SAB Executive Committee / EPA
The EPA's ETS Lies

Lippmann got his B.Ch.E. from Cooper Union in 1954; an MS (industrial hygiene) at Harvard in 1955; and PhD from New York University in 1967. None of his bios say how long he has been at NYU.

Lippmann's other relevant background: Member and Chair of the External Advisory Committee of the Harvard 6-Cities Study, 1978-87; Member of the External Advisory Committee of the Harvard-Health Canada-Multi-city Air Pollution Health Effects Study, 1987-91. These studies ignore any role of infection, and are purely concerned with pushing the particulates and anti-smoking agenda. (Link from prepared remarks, public hearing, US House Committee on Science, Subcommittee on Energy and Environment, March 12, 1997.)

Lippmann / US House of Representatives 1997

Morton Lippmann is on the External Advisory Board of the National Environmental Respiratory Center, which is located at the Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute in Albuquerque, New Mexico. The Center is dedicated to hyping the supposed dangers of particulates. "NERC was initiated with funds designated by congress in the EPA appropriation, but was envisioned from the beginning as an effort funded by multiple federal and state agencies, industry associations, individual companies, and other organizations." Fellow board members include Jonathan Samet, the anti-smokers' star perjuror at the Minnesota tobacco trial; John Vandenberg of the EPA; Ron White of the American Lung Association; and Michael Bird of the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). As for LRRI, Mary Woolley and Leon E. Rosenberg of the Lasker Foundation-associated lobby group Research!America are members of its Board of Directors.

External Scientific Advisory Committee / NERC
Board of Directors / Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute

Morton Lippmann is on the Peer Review Committee of the Consortium for Risk Evaluation with Stakeholder Participation (CRESP), which was co-founded in 1995 by Lasker crony Gilbert S. Omenn, and Charles W. Powers, former Vice President for Government Affairs of Cummins Engine Co. and co-founder of the Health Effects Institute, and others. Paul Lioy, Lippmann's former crony on the EPA ETS report Science Advisory Board is a Principal Investigator at CRESP.

Staff / CRESP

John C. Topping

John C. Topping was Staff Director of the Office of Air and Radiation from September 1983 to January 1986. He helped set up the National Council for Clean Indoor Air in August 1986 to lobby for the EPA to proclaim that passive smoking kills non-smokers. Fellow NCCIA founder A. Judson Wells was the secret author of the main chapters of the "EPA" ETS report.

RJR's Center for Indoor Air Research

Morton Lippmann was a member of the Science Advisory Board of the tobacco industry's Center for Indoor Air Research (CIAR) in 1994-95, along with fellow EPA ETS SAB member James E. Woods Jr. Klaus Brunnemann, Mirjana Djordjevic (participant in the corrupt 2003 IARC Monograph 83 on smoking and ETS), Dietrich Hoffmann, Jennifer Johnting, and John H. Weisburger, all of the American Health Foundation, were peer reviewers. There were several reviewers each from the Harvard School of Public Health and Johns Hopkins University as well, but the only organization with more representation than the AHF was the US Environmental Protection Agency itself. And, the Health Effects Institute gave CIAR their mailing list.

CIAR 1994, Peer Reviewers [pp 17-21] / UCSF (pdf, 28 pp)
CIAR ~1995 [Science Advisory Board p.3; HEI p. 26] / UCSF (pdf, 32 pp)
CIAR 1996-1997 Research Agenda - Request for Applications / UCSF (pdf, 36 pp)

The anti-smoking vermin deliberately manufactured fraudulent propaganda to mislead the American people that the tobacco industry was corrupting science merely by funding studies - WHEN IN FACT THE ANTI-SMOKER VERMIN THEMSELVES are the ones who deliberately and systematically corrupted science by suppressing research on infection and ignoring or misrepresenting, via defective studies, its known role in cancer and other diseases they wish to blame on smoking; and doing so with knowledge that their own corrupt agents had full control of the organizations targeted, e.g., CIAR. Their media whores obligingly parrot the reckless fabrications of the subhuman garbage: Lawyer Richard Daynard proclaimed that "Their true purpose was to generate disinformation" (which in fact is exactly what Daynard himself is doing). "Dr. Michele Bloch, a Maryland physician and co-author of the American Public Health Association's policy urging health institutions not to accept money from cigarette makers, said the center's name is misleading. 'The tobacco industry is corrupting science,' she said. 'Very few people know this is tobacco money.'" Alfred Sommer, then the Dean of Johns Hopkins School of Public Health and now a director of the Lasker Foundation, whined that 'The fact that the money comes from the tobacco companies' makes him uncomfortable, "But NIH isn't supporting this kind of research." The corrupt anti-smoker filth fraudulently mischaracterize it as an act of corruption to question their corruption in the slightest: "But industry documents show that one strategy tobacco lawyers devised in the 1980s to battle the secondhand smoke issue was to encourage aggressive research on other indoor air pollutants. 'If they can blame something else, tobacco smoke doesn't look so bad,' said Dr. Randolph D. Smoak, a South Carolina cancer surgeon and vice chairman of the American Medical Association board of trustees." While the Politically Correct mentality of the anti-smoking filth is that tobacco must always be blamed, even if it requires the use of corrupt science to do so. (Center tied to tobacco industry. By Scott Shane, Sun staff. Baltimore Sun, May 17, 1998.)

Baltimore Sun, 1998 / UCSF (pdf, 4 pp)

Industry - Funded Research and Conflict of Interest: An Analysis of Research Sponsored by the Tobacco Industry Through the Center for Indoor Air Research. DE Barnes, LA Bero. J Health Polit Policy Law 1996 Fall;21(3):515-42. Barnes and Bero are cronies of Stanton Glantz. Their hatchet job was funded by the Cigarette and Tobacco Surtax Fund of the State of California, stolen from California smokers. They spewed anti-smoking hate propaganda, based upon deliberately fraudulent studies which falsely blame tobacco for diseases caused by infection, and then frothed in indignation about a study [Turner, 1992] funded by CIAR which dared to conclude that "acceptable air quality can be maintained [indoors] with moderate amounts of smoking," then smeared it because of its funding source. Their political goal is to brainwash the public with the irrational lie that ventilation doesn't work. Then, they have the gall to whine that "research related to ETS has a high potential for being biased by conflict of interest, because the tobacco industry could use the results in legal and legislative settings" - which is exactly how the anti-smokers have used their fraudulent studies, while their accomplices in the media suppress other opponents who, unlike the tobacco industry, would expose them.

Barnes & Bero (manuscript, 1995) / UCSF (pdf, 58 pp)
Barnes & Bero - J Health Polit Policy Law 1996 / UCSF (pdf, 28 pp)

Charles R. Green of R.J. Reynolds Tobacco, a director of CIAR since it was established and its chairman of the board, responded. "One 'surrogate' for quality used by Barnes and Bero is whether an article resuklting from CIAR funding was classified (using the authors' definition) as 'pro-industry.' The definition of 'pro-industry' employed by Barnes and Bero is itself suspect. The authors classify an article which finds that 'the evidence [regarding alleged adverse health effects of ETS] is inconclusive' as 'pro-industry' rather than neutral." (Funding by the Center for Indoor Air Research (CIAR). Green CR. J Health Polit Policy Law 1997 Oct;22(5):1279-1293.)

Green - J Health Polit Policy Law 1997 / UCSF (pdf, 10 pp)

Deposition of CHARLES RAYMOND GREEN, Ph.D., March 21, 2003, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA v. PHILIP MORRIS USA INC. Green was an employee of R.J. Reynolds from 1968 to 1998. He graduated from the University of Virginia- Charlottesville with a B.S. in chemistry in 1964, and a Ph.D. in organic chemistry in 1968. RJR's ETS research consisted of "developing methods to assess personal exposure to ETS, to quantify how much exposure people had to ETS in real-life situations," p. 28. He did not do risk assessments. Chris Coggins did animal inhalation studies. CIAR funded the Oak Ridge National Laboratory 16-city study of ETS exposure led by Roger Jenkins, p. 57.

Deposition of Charles Green, Mar. 21, 2003 / UCSF (pdf, 155 pp)
Search: Coggins CR / PubMed

William G. Rosenberg

Rosenberg was Administrator of the Office of Air and Radiation from May 8, 1989 to Jan 18, 1993. He was born in New York City in 1940. He was with The Investment Group, a real estate acquisition fim in Ann Arbor, Michigan, before joining the EPA. In 1993 he organized E3 Ventures of Cary NC, and serves as a lawyer/consultant to his former agency. It has not been determined whether he has any connections to Mary Lasker's friend and ally, Anna M. Rosenberg aka Anna Rosenberg Hoffman, or to Leon E. Rosenberg of Research!America.

Lawyers-consultants / EPA


cast 06-13-14