The Pew Charitable Trusts

The Pew Charitable Trusts were established by the heirs of the Sun Oil (Sunoco) fortune. J. Howard Pew participated in the Lasker takeover of the American Society for the Control of Cancer, and Mary Ethel Pew founded The Medical Trust. J. Howard Pew was a director of the Philadelphia National Bank, along with Wallace D. Simmons, S&B 1890, and Dr. John T. Dorrance, President of Campbell Soup, in the 1920s. (Display Ad 33. New York Times, Jan. 4, 1926), and the Philadelphia-Girard National Bank (Display Ad 37. New York Times, July 6, 1926; Display Ad 39. New York Times, Mar. 28, 1927; Display Ad 187. New York Times, Mar. 8, 1928; Display Ad 40. New York Times, Jul. 2, 1941 p. 37.)

Sunoco History / Sunoco

"HAROLD W, WALLGREN*1 Philadelphia, Pa.; Delegate-Director (1963-). Vice President and Cashier, Board Secretary, The Philadelphia National Bank. ACS Chm., Research Comm.; Dir. Region II (1962-63). ACS Philadelphia Division: Treas.; Mem., Bd. and Exec. Comm. Treasurer, Pennsylvania Tuberculosis and Health Society. Faculty Member: American Institute of Banking; Stonier Graduate School of Banking. Member: University of Pennsylvania Banking Club; Optimist Club of Philadelphia. Recipient, ACS National-Divisional Award for Distinguished Service in the Control of Cancer (1959)." (1966 House of Delegates and Board of Directors. American Cancer Society Inc., p. 35)

ACS Board of Directors 1966 / UCSF

Arthur E. Pew III, a director of the Sun Oil Company, was a director of the Research Institute of Temple University in 1947. His fellow directors included Charles Berwind, vice president of the Berwind-White Mining Company, whose family interests were represented on the board of the Guaranty Trust since 1911; Charles F. Kettering of General Motors and the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center; and Charles P. Stokes, "farmer and trustee." (Research Institute of Temple University, sometime after Nov. 1947.) Charles P. Stokes had been admitted in 1921 as a full partner of Montgomery & Co., of Philadelphia and New York, along with J. Taylor Foster, Skull & Bones 1908, who later became a director of Benson & Hedges prior to its merger with Philip Morris. (Display Ad 215. New York Times, Jan. 2, 1921 p. XX8; Stock Exchange News. New York Times, Jan. 9, 1921.) Another partner of Montgomery & Co., James H. Perkins, left in 1921 to become president of the Farmers' Loan & Trust, which became a major stockholder of the American Tobacco Company. Another partner, William Jackson Clothier, was the son of Isaac Clothier, a co-founder of the Philadelphia department store chain of Strawbridge & Clothier with Justus C. Strawbridge, whose grandson, Robert E. Strawbridge Jr., was on the board of managers of Memorial Hospital. (William J. Clothier Is Dead at 80; Horseman, Ex-Tennis Champion. New York Times, Sep. 6, 1962.) His son, William J. Clothier II, was an F.B.I. special agent in Peru, Cuba, and Chile during World War II, and a C.I.A. officer from 1952 to 1979, "using his 1938 bachelor's degree in anthropology as a cover." (William Clothier, 86, Spy and Tennis Star. New York Times, Nov. 3, 2002.) The name partner, Robert L. Montgomery, was a native of Radnor, Penn., and a member of the Philadelphia stock exchange for forty-two years. (Col. R.L. Montgomery. New York Times, Jan. 24, 1949.) The partnership of Montgomery & Co. was dissolved and re-formed with just Stokes, Walter C. Janney, Harry E. Marlor, and J. Keating Willcox. (Display Ad 124. New York Times, Jun. 1, 1921 p. 31.) Its name was changed to Janney & Co. in 1922 (Chicago Daily Tribune, Jan. 3, 1922 p. 34.) Charles Pickett Stokes resigned from Janney & Co. in 1930. (Display Ad 119. New York Times, Jul. 12, 1930 p. 42.) He was a nephew of Thomas Dudley Stokes of Richmond, Virginia. (Thomas Dudley Stokes. New York Times, Aug. 13, 1929.) Walter C. Janney was a native of Philadelphia. "He was engaged in ranching in Wyoming from 1900 to1904 and entered the firm of Janney & Burrough, leather manufacturers, in 1905." His daughter married Frank Pace Jr., who was a director of the Mutual Life Insurance Company in 1960 and Time Inc. in 1967. (Walter C. Janney. New York Times, Oct. 13, 1944.) Walter Coggeshall Janney Jr. married a granddaughter of Dr. Walter Belknap James, S&B 1879, at the home of her uncle, William Sheffield Cowles, S&B 1921. (Miss Helen James Married in Capital. New York Times, Mar. 25, 1945.) Partner J. Keating Willcox, a former University of Pennsylvania athlete, retired in 1926 and later joined Daniel & Co. He died unexpectedly of heart disease in his rooms at the Penn Athletic Club at the age of 44. (John Keating Willcox. New York Times, Jan. 4, 1930.) Partner Edward P. Currier was a native of Massachusetts who graduated from Harvard in 1909. "Shortly after his graduation Mr. Currier was appointed secretary to James F. Curtis, then assistant secretary of the United States Treasury. In 1911 he came to New York to be an assistant to the late Frank A. Vanderlip, president of the National City Bank of New York. In April, 1917, he returned to Washington with the Aircraft Production Board of the Council of National Defense, and was commissioned a major in the aviation section of the Signal Corps." He joined Montgomery & Co. after the war, and then Marshall Field, Glore, Ward & Co. in 1921. He retired in 1936 but kept an office at Glore, Forgan & Co. (Edward P. Currier Investment Banker. New York Times, Jan. 21, 1946, p. 20.) When he joined Montgomery, Clothier & Tyler in 1917, Theodore Roosevelt Jr. was a partner. (Display Ad. New York Times, Oct. 1, 1917.) His son, Edward P. Currier Jr., was first associated with the Guaranty Trust (Elise Duggan Wed to E.P. Currier Jr. New York Times, Dec. 11, 1938), and later a manager of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co., a position equivalent to vice president. (Display Ad 100. New York Times, Jan. 7, 1965 p. D9; Display Ad 69. Chicago Tribune, Jul. 8, 1971 p. C10.) His son David Fletcher Currier was a member of Scroll & Keys, 1938. Lawrence Boardman Dunham Jr., S&B 1938, was an usher at his wedding. (Bridal Is Held For Miss Brown. New York Times, Mar. 9, 1941.) He was killed in action during World War II.

Research Institute of Temple University, ca. 1947 / UCSF

The Pew Charitable Trusts were "$100,000+ Excalibur Contributors" to the American Cancer Society in 2000.

ACS 2000 Form 990 - Annual Report / ACS (pdf, 123pp)

Mary Ethel Pew and The Medical Trust

"The death of her mother from cancer in 1935 led to her determination to devote her personal life and inheritance to the support of cancer research and care. Along with her brother Howard, she identified Dr. Stanley P. Reimann, a noted oncologist, and their work together helped lead to the establishment of the Institute for Cancer Research. Her interest in health care also prompted her to volunteer at a small hospital, called Lankenau, which was directed by Lutheran sisters." She was the founder of The Medical Trusts, the seventh and last of the Pew Charitable Trusts. From 1971 to 1979 she was the only living member of the founders of the Trusts, and when she died, her place on the Committee on Grants was taken by Thomas W. Langfitt.

With the last of the founders gone and their heirs unresisting, the new managers set off in their own direction. "Under the leadership of Dr. Langfitt and Dr. Timothy Talbot of the Fox Chase Cancer Center, the consulting team made a series of recommendations. They suggested that the Trusts turn away from bricks-and-mortar grants to hospitals and from disease-specific biomedical research. They urged the committee to choose specific subject areas to study and then to solicit proposals from institutions nationwide. The first outcome of the consultants' recommendations was the development of the Health Policy program, approved by the Committee in 1981 and funded in 1982." The Pew Scholars Program in the Biomedical Sciences was an outgrowth of this.

"In 1998, the Trusts launched a major initiative designed to strengthen the nation's public health system. The strategy emphasizes the understanding and prevention as well as the improved treatment of chronic diseases - including environmentally-related diseases, which are known to affect children disproportionately. In spite of the soaring rates of childhood asthma and the increase in childhood leukemia and malignant brain tumors (all of which have been associated with environmental pollutants), at the turn of the century it remains a formidable challenge to prove the suspected links between environmental factors and chronic disease in the general population [sic - especially when they are searching with blinders on to ignore infection. They only care about genes and chemicals -cast]. Because of the serious inadequacy of the local, state and national infrastructure, the U.S. public health system has no means of monitoring such data, and states have limited capacity to gather them. Nor does the public seem to be cognizant of the causes and possibilities for prevention of chronic disease.

"To address these problems, the Trusts seek a coordinated national system of tracking and monitoring that can begin to report and explain the apparent increase of chronic disease. Initial studies documenting the need for a comprehensive system set the stage for a multifaceted public education campaign and other strategies to follow..." (Sustaining the Legacy. Pew Charitable Trusts, accessed 2001.)

Health and Human Services Program Overview. Maureen K. Byrnes is the Director; in 2001 it gave $31,705,000 in grants to programs including the Pew Scholars Program, the Pew Environmental Health Commission, and the Trust for America's Health. (Health and Human Services Program Overview. Pew Charitable Trusts, accessed 2002.)

Program Investments and Grants Database / Pew Charitable Trusts

Six of the seventeen members of the National Advisory Committee of the Pew Scholars Program are also supported by the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, which Lasker Foundation director Purnell Choppin headed until recently.

National Advisory Committee, Pew Scholars Program / University of California - San Francisco

"Public Voices, Public Choices, White Paper of the Pew Charitable Trusts," June 1998. The "Policy Experts with Whom Health and Human Services Program Staff Consulted" include the major figures in the Lasker Syndicate, such as Roz Diane Lasker, Philip R. Lee, Steven A. Schroeder of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Jo Ivey Boufford, and former director of the California Department of Health Services Molly Coye. (Public Voices, Public Choices. The Pew Charitable Trusts, accessed 2002.)

"The Pew Environmental Health Commission officially ended on February 28, 2001. Please visit The Trust for America's Health at"

Lankenau Hospital

The Lankenau Hospital was the old German Hospital, renamed for its main benefactor, John Diederich Lankenau. He was born in Bremen, Germany, and educated at the Bremen Business College. He came to Philadelphia at age 19, "to accept a position with a firm of dry goods importers, by whom he had been employed in hsi native town. He afterward became a member of the firm, from which he retired in 1865 with a large fortune. In 1848 he married Miss Mary Joanna Drexel, a daughter of Francis M. Drexel." Drexel was Treasurer of the German Hospital, and Lankenau became a trustee and its president since 1869. He was 84 years old. (John D. Lankenau Dead. New York Times, Aug. 31, 1901.) His brother-in-law, Joseph W. Drexel, was founding treasurer of Memorial Hospital, New York, in 1884.

Stanley P. Reimann

Reimann was a pathologist in Philadelphia. In 1927, he convinced Rodman Wanamaker to donate a research laboratory on the grounds of the old Lankenau Hospital. Members of its board included Irenee du Pont, who contributed $10,000. In 1942, industrialist Philip Sharples convinced them to add the word "cancer" to its name, and Sharples became its president in 1945. (The Beginnings of Cancer Research Centers in the United States, by Harold P. Rusch. April 28, 1982, pp. 8-9.)

Rusch, 1982 / UCSF

The Lankenau Hospital Research Institute was founded in 1925; research began in 1927. Lankenau and the ICR are now part of the Fox Chase Cancer Center.

Institute for Cancer Research History / Fox Chase Cancer Center

Reimann was a member of the Board of Directors of the American Society for the Control of Cancer in 1936. Clarence Cook Little was the Managing Director; and James Ewing, who accompanied Little to testify on the National Cancer Act of 1937, was Chairman. Winthrop W. Aldrich (Nelson A. Rockefeller's uncle); Haven Emerson, Professor of Public Health at Columbia University and member of the advisory board of Yale's Institute of Human Relations; Samuel Clark Harvey, Chairman of Surgery at Yale and a longtime crony of Harvey Cushing; Frederick L. Hoffman, Prudential Life Insurance statistician; Thomas Parran, who became Surgeon General from 1936 to 1948; H. Gideon Wells, an advisor to the original Lasker Foundation of 1928; and fellow TIRC member Edwin B. Wilson were also directors.

ASCC, 1936 / UCSF

Reimann was on the Scientific Advisory Board of the Tobacco Industry Research Council from 1954 to 1968. In 1927, he became the director of the Lankenau Hospital Research Institute in Philadelphia. A later director of the Institute for Cancer Research, Alfred Knudson, also became a member of the CTR.

Stanley Philip Reimann CV / UCSF
Stanley Philip Reiman bio (p 10) / UCSF

He was an invited contributor (Bronchial pathology in man) to the 1961 ACS/NYAM inquisition on Tobacco and Health (Charles C. Thomas, 1962), along with fellow CTR members Bing, Comroe, and Kotin.

Tobacco and Health, 1962 / UCSF

Thomas W. Langfitt

"The transformation of the Trusts accelerated with the 1987 appointment of Dr. Thomas W. Langfitt as president. A former neurosurgeon and vice president of health affairs at the University of Pennsylvania, Langfitt fired 17 of 20 executives, including the executive director, three vice presidents, and 13 program officers. The only prominent executive to remain was Rebecca Rimel, a former nurse who was promoted to executive director. (She became president in 1993.) During Langfitt's tenure, two of five board members also resigned, one under pressure for 'meddling' in staff affairs and another, John G. Pew, a distant relation, in protest of the foundation's increasingly liberal leanings.

"Langfitt explains the Trusts' operating principles: 'In the past, we'd identify a problem and fund private agencies. Now we see that most of the responsibility for dealing with major social problems rests with the government. However, it lacks the money for new programs. So instead of working on a parallel track we build partnerships between government and private agencies.' Likewise, Rimel says, 'If we could infuse the spirit of the '60s into our work it might get the country out of this morass of feeling that problems are insolvable.' According to Rimel, 'The political ghosts of Pew's past are gone.'" (The Pew Charitable Trusts: Revitalizing 'the Spirit of the '60s,' by Dr. Robert Lerner and Dr. Althea K. Nagai. Alternatives in Philanthropy 1995 November.)

Lerner & Nagai / Capital Research

A former neurosurgeon, Langfitt is a graduate of Princeton University (1948) and the Johns Hopkins Medical School and Hospital (1953). He was on the faculty of the University of Pennsylvania for many decades and is a trustee of its Medical Center, and is a Charter Trustee of Princeton. He is on the boards of directors of Smith Kline Beecham Corp., the Sun Co. Inc., and the New York Life Insurance Co.; and is chairman of the committees on automotive safety of the General Motors Corp. He has been on the awards jury of the Dana Foundation, and is a director of the National Stroke Association and the Lasker Foundation's lobby, Research!America.

Langfitt bio / John A. Hartford Foundation Institute for Geriatric Nursing
Board of Directors / National Stroke Association

Langfitt was chairman of the Commission on the Future of Medical Education of the University of California, San Francisco. This was funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, and touted as a "Study of Physician Workforce Training, Deployment, and Performance in California," supposedly "to assure that all Americans have access to basic health care at reasonable cost."

Commission on the Future of Medical Education / RWJF
Office of the President news release / University of California

The Pew Center for Civic Journalism

From the Wall Street Journal, 10-17-96: "It has become one of the most influential forces in American journalism, writing big checks to newspapers to change the way they cover government and politics. And major dailies that traditionally take great pride in their independence are suddenly lining up for cash from this powerful outsider." Supposedly designed "to encourage readers to participate in the political process," it really promotes only one side, as usual; the only difference is that now the media are openly paid by their Lasker Syndicate masters. This program was also created by Thomas W. Langfitt and his stooge, Rebecca Rimel, along with some "journalist" cronies: "a veteran TV newsman named Edward Fouhy;" "James K. Batten, then the chairman of Knight-Ridder Inc., whose press empire includes such powerful dailies as the Miami Herald and Pew's hometown Philadelphia Inquirer;" and "Davis 'Buzz' Merritt, editor of Knight-Ridder's Wichita Eagle."

Wall Street Journal 1996 / National Conference of Editorial Writers

"Civic Lessons: Report on Four Civic Journalism Projects." as inflicted on four cities, including Madison, Wisconsin. They consider it a glowing success when the citizen-suckers express empty, socially correct generalities such as "Made them think more about politics" and "Given them a better idea about problems important to people in this area." It is reminiscent of Research!America's schtick of using the obliging sheep who don't have a clue what the National Institutes of Health are, but mumble that they support increased funding for health research to please their interviewer, as a mandate to Congress. In fact, what the people get as a basis for "discussion" is whatever "facts" the media choose to shove down their throats, on issues selected and framed by the media.

"Civic Lessons" / Civic Practices Network

The International Health Policy Program

This program was begun with an initial grant from Pew in 1986 and the Carnegie Corporation in 1987. The World Health Organization and the World Bank joined later. "The principal organizer of IHPP and the person along with the initial sponsoring agencies that created the philosophy and focus for IHPP was Davidson Gwatkin. Other individuals also played leading roles, in particular John Evans, formerly head of the World Bank's Health, Population and Nutrition Division, as it was called in the early 1980s. There were certain a number of key individuals at the Pew Memorial Trusts, notably Rebecca Rimel, and at the Carnegie Corporation, Patricia Rosenfeld and Ade Lucas." [This helps the Lasker Syndicate monitor and manipulate health policy in third world countries -cast]. (An informal assessment of the international health policy program. By Ralph Andreano, Prof. of Economics (emeritus) at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, and Senior Consultant, IHPP. Sep. 15, 2000.)

An informal assesment of the IHPP / Alliance for Health Policy and Systems Research (pdf)

Sun Oil & Burnelli vs. the Air Trust

From aircrash, the aircraft safety and suppressed technology website: "In 1917, at the outbreak of the first World War, a number of bankers saw the potential for colossal profits in aviation and formed a cartel, a monopoly which was in the 1920s and 1930s referred to as the Air Trust... Anyone who belonged to the Air Trust would pool their patents for their mutual benefit but they went one step further, they made a deal with certain officials of the United States Government to steal patents from inventors who did not belong to the cartel. This theft was implemented by the insertion of a 'save-harmless-clause' in government procurement contracts with favored companies... The cartel still exists as does the 'save harmless clause' and the method of stealing inventions hasn't changed as is witnessed by the 1984 McDonnell Douglas letter and the 1963 Boeing letter and the 1964 Ling-Temco-Vought letter."

Overview / Aircrash

"In the late 1930s, after extensive examinations of flight test reports on Burnelli aircraft and extensive wind tunnel tests of military models, Maj. Gen. H.H. Arnold, Chief of United States Army Air Corps, signed a report to the Secretary of War which extolled the excellence of the Burnelli Lifting Body principle of design. The Arnold report ended with this quote: 'in my opinion it is essential, in the interest of national defense, that this procurement be authorized.' This report culminated in an invitation to Vincent J. Burnelli and associates being invited to the Oval Office in the White House for a meeting with President Roosevelt. The purpose was to celebrate the signing of a presidential directive to order large quantities of Burnelli airplanes. However, this meeting broke up without President Roosevelt signing the directive, and it has been alleged that, in the midst of the meeting, President Roosevelt learned that one of Burnelli's backers was Arthur E. Pew of the Sun Oil Company. President Roosevelt threw his pen across the room and shouted that Burnelli would never receive any orders."

"We at aircrash believe this was a pretext, a cover to destroy the Burnelli Company for the purpose of transfering the technology to the Air Trust discussed [in] the introduction of this web-site as Burnelli was not part of the establishment." Also, Sun Oil had financed Wendell Wilkie's campaign against him. [In addition, Joseph N. Pew, vice president of Sun Oil, had led the effort to overturn Roosevelt's National Recovery Act, the system of government-organized cartels that was declared unconstitutional in 1935. -cast]

Interview of Charles F. Mullen / Aircrash

The Institute for Cancer Research

Anthony H. Whitaker, President; Walter H. West Jr., Vice President; Robert Montgomery Scott, Secretary; Sylvanus L. Wimley, Treasurer; Edward Gray, Assistant Treasurer. Trustees: David R. Albright, John W. Bodine, George M. Dorrance Jr., Thomas Hart, Edward B. Leisenring Jr., Harry R. Neilson Jr., Robert Montgomery Scott, Walter H. West Jr., Anthony H. Whitaker. Timothy R. Talbot Jr. M.D., Director; Stanley P. Reimann M.D. Director Emeritus, H.D. Putney, Administrative Director; R.L. Harrington, Administrator. Scientific Advisory Committee: Armin C. Braun, Ph.D., Philip P. Cohen M.D., Frank L. Horsfall Jr. M.D., Rollin D. Hotchkiss Ph.D., Leon O. Jacobson M.D., S.E. Luria M.D., Colin M. MacLeod M.D. (The Institute for Cancer Research, Eleventh Scientific Report 1960-1962.)

The Institute for Cancer Research, Eleventh Scientific Report 1960-1962 / UCSF

The Trust for America's Health

In 1987, the Pew Charitable Trusts and the Rockefeller Foundation gave a $1.2 million, five-year grant to Dr. Arthur Kaufman, professor of family, community and emergency medicine at the University of New Mexico School of Medicine. (Medical studies to consider ways to prevent disease. Santa Fe New Mexican, Nov. 26, 1987.) The Pew Environmental Health Commission officially ended on February 28, 2001, and referred forward to the Trust For America's Health.

Board of Directors / Trust for America's Health

"The Trust for America’s Health was established in 2001 by the Benjamin Spencer Fund to address significant national health problems brought on by chronic diseases, which account for seven of every ten deaths in the United States each year. Chronic diseases such as asthma, Parkinson’s, diabetes, cancer, and multiple sclerosis cost American taxpayers $325 billion annually, a figure that is expected to reach $1 trillion by 2020. The Trust advocates for improving the public health system to prevent and respond to chronic diseases effectively. The Trust receives funding from a number of major foundations, including the Joyce Foundation, the Pew Charitable Trusts, the Palmer Foundation, the Rockefeller Family Fund, and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation." (NPO Spotlight. Trust for America’s Health. Philanthropy News Digest, Aug. 19, 2003.)

Theo Spencer

"Benjamin Spencer Fund 1998 assets: $13,841,724. Original funder and current top officer: Hope Aldrich, a Rockefeller, New Mexico newspaper publisher and the richest person in New Mexico." (Undue Influence Theo Spencer of the Natural Resources Defense Council is on the Board of Directors of TFAH and the Benjamin Spencer Fund, and is a Vice President of the Rockefeller Family Fund. (TFAH, accessed 2/2/10.) His maternal grandfather was John D. Rockefeller III. He received a master's degree in journalism from the University of California at Berkeley. His father, John Spencer, was professor of history and dean of the Middlebury College from 1976 to 1981.His mother was editor and publisher of The Santa Fe Reporter, an alternative weekly newspaper. (Weddings; Tracy Toon, Theodore Spencer. New York Times, Jun. 9, 2002.) Sen. John D. Rockefeller IV is his uncle, and Mrs. Rockefeller is a director of PepsiCo.

His grandfather, Dr. Theodore Spencer, Princeton 1923, became an English instructor at Harvard in 1928, and received his Ph.D. there the next year. He became an assistant professor of English in 1936 and associate professor in 1940. "In 1939 Dr. Spencer was appointed a lecturer in English literature at Cambridge University. Owing to the war he remained at Cambridge, Mass. as a visiting lecturer at Harvard from the English university." (Dr. T. Spencer, Long at Harvard. New York Times, Jan. 19, 1949.) His first wife was Anna Morris Murray, daughter of T. Morris Murray and Eleanor Vinton Clark of Gwyn Careg Farm in Pomfret, Conn. (Spencer-Murray. New York Times, Sep. 11, 1927.) The Murrays are Royal descendants of William the Conqueror. (The Descendants of William the Conqueror. By Alan Freer A.C.I.B.) Eleanor Vinton Clark was the grandniece of George C. Clark, the first president of the American Society for the Control of Cancer. Her sister, Ethel Randolph Clark, married Ezra Ripley Thayer. (Married. Boston Daily Advertiser, Jun. 27, 1898.) He was the brother of William S. Thayer, M.D.

The Descendants of William the Conqueror / William I

Lowell P. Weicker Jr., Yale 1953

Former Republican governor and senator from Connecticut Lowell Weicker was its first President. Members of TFAH's former Advisory Council included former Illinois congressman John Porter, now with the Lasker lobby Research!America; Mohammad Akhter, Executive Director of the American Public Health Association; and Philip R. Lee. In 2002, the group's purpose included lobbying for increased power for the Surgeon General's office, and create a nationwide birth defects data base. It has since evolved into a standard health fascism lobby.

Lowell P. Weicker Jr. was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives as a Republican in 1969, then to the U.S. Senate from 1971 to 1989. He was elected Governor of Connecticut as an independent 1991-1995. As chairman of the Appropriations Subcommittee that handles money bills for the Department of Health and Human Services, he used his authority to promote funding for AIDS research from 1983 on. (Health Chief Calls AIDS Battle 'No. 1 Priority. By Report Pear. New York Times, May 25, 1983; Congress Passes Compromise AIDS Bill. By Irvin Molotsky. New York Times, Oct. 14, 1988.) After he was defeated in the election, he became the chief executive officer and president of the unregistered lobbying group [affiliated with the Albert and Mary Lasker Foundation] Research!America, in Alexandria, Va. (Weicker to Join Group Backing Aid to Research. By Nick Ravo. New York Times, Feb. 23, 1989.) As Governor of Connecticut, he attempted to push a health care reform plan hrough the legislature that would include 97 percent of the state's businesses, and featured "more money for efforts that encourage healthy lifestyles [sic]." "The Insurance Association of Connecticut, the lobbying group that represents such companies as Aetna Life and Casualty, Cigna, The Travelers and I.T.T. Hartford, reacted favorably but cautiously to the proposal." (Weicker Sets Goal of Health Care for All by 1997. By Kirk Johnson. New York Times, Feb. 5, 1994.) He was not re-elected.

His brother, Harold Hastings Weicker, Yale 1956, was married to Ivy Berwind Harjes, daughter of C. Berwind Harjes. He was finishing his studies at the Church Divinity School of the Pacific in Berkeley, Cal. (Ivy Berwind Harjes Is Bride Here. New York Times, Jan. 26, 1958.) Her grandfather was Col. H. Herman Harjes, senior partner of Morgan, Harjes & Co. (Stricken in Street, C.B. Harjes, 48, Dies. New York Times, Mar. 20, 1952.)

His sister, Mary-Audrey Weicker, married James Norman Mellor, a Yale graduate. His ushers included Gates Davison, Richard C. Moses, O. John Anderson, Harold H. Weicker, Lowell P. Weicker Jr., Lindsay Bradford Jr., Theodore M. Weicker, Charles C. Lee Jr., J. Kimball Whitney, O. Harry Gruner 3d and Henry L. Ross Jr. (Mary-Audrey Weicker Bride on L.I. New York Times, Nov. 1, 1959.)

Lowell P. Weicker Sr., Yale 1927

Lowell Palmer Weicker Sr. was born in Stamford, Conn., and joined E.R. Squibb & Sons, which his father, Theodore Weicker, had built into a giant pharmaceutical company, immediately after graduating. "He was sent to Paris when Squibb diversified and bought Lenthéric, a French perfume company." He was chairman and director of its holdings in Canada, England and elsewhere around the world. "[H]e was fluent in German, Italian and French... that made him valuable to the intelligence effort during the war." "A Colonel in the Army Air Corps in World War II, he served as deputy director of intelligence for the United States Strategic Air Forces in Europe, working directly under Gen. Carl Spaatz. From 1953 to 1956, he was assistant secretary general for production and logistics for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization." In 1956, he became president and chairman of Bigelow-Sanford, a carpet manufacturer, until 1969, and returned to its board when it was bought by Sperry & Hutchinson. (L.P. Weicker Dies. New York Times, Nov. 27, 1978.) He was one of the organizers of the Council for Heart Disease, an idea of the New York Heart Association and Gov. Dewey. (War On Heart Ills Backed By Dewey. New York Times, May 21, 1946), and a member of the men's committee of the American Heart Association fundraiser. (Heart Fund Ball to Be April 29. New York Times, Feb. 6, 1958.)

The first Mrs. Weicker (and the mother of Lowell Jr.) was Mary Bickford, daughter of Gen. Harold Bickford. She was born in India, and was a niece of the Most Rev. Randall Thomas Davidson, an Archbishop of Canterbury. (Weicker's Mother Dies. New York Times, Aug. 25, 1993.) [They were divorced in 1951, and her next husband was his classmate, Howard Cornelius Paulsen.]

The second Mrs. Weicker Sr. was the former Beverly Kraft Topping, whom he divorced in 1965. (Suzy Says. Syracuse Herald, Jan. 21, 1977.) She was the ex-wife of John Reid Topping, grandson of Daniel G. Reid, the tobacco financier. (Mrs. Lewis Bride of John R. Topping. New York Times, Aug. 3, 1945.) This Mrs. Lowell P. Weicker was a fundraiser for Memorial Cancer Center (Aiding Benefit for Social Service Unit. New York Times, Feb. 22, 1953; Cancer Unit Fete Today. New York Times, Feb. 4, 1958), and was head of the committee for the Heart of America Ball of the American Heart Association (Heart Fund Ball to be April 29. New York Times, Feb. 6, 1958; Plans Advanced By Heart Group For Fete May 2. New York Times, Dec. 4, 1960; Aides Are Listed For Heart Ball At the Waldorf. New York Times, Feb. 4, 1962.) At a gambling party benefit for the American Cancer Society on the French luxury liner Liberte, she spun the roulette wheel with Madame Herve Alphand, wife of the French Ambassador to the U.S., while Paul Hoffman and Anna Rosenberg tried their luck at the birdcage. (New York Daily News, Jun. 17, 1960.) She was a member of the Benefit Committee of Project HOPE in 1964, along with Mrs. Albert D. Lasker, Mrs. William S. Paley, and Hon. and Mrs. Robert B. Meyner.

New York Daily News, Jun. 17, 1960 / UCSF
Committees, Project HOPE, 1964 / UCSF

Lowell P. Weicker was a member of the Board of Directors of the New York Heart Association, Inc. in 1964-65 along with Mrs. Harry Payne Bingham, Howard S. Cullman, Lewis A. Lapham, and Ed Sullivan. (50th Anniversary New York Heart Association, Annual Report 1965.)

50th Anniversary New York Heart Association, Annual Report 1965 / UCSF

The Lowell P. Weickers lived at 870 United Nations Plaza, a dual-use building filled with "a sort of power elite... Of the 71 percent that quietly make the wheels go 'round, 69 percent are senior vice presidents, executive vice presidents, presidents or chairmen of the board. The Albert and Mary Lasker Foundation was among the tenants. (Home - Up to $166,000 - Sweet Home. By Virginia Lee Warren. New York Times, Feb. 16, 1966.)

His sister, Florence, married Hobart Amory Hare Cook. (Miss Florence Palmer Weicker Married in Country Home to Hobart Amory Cook. New York Times, Jun. 22, 1941.) He was the grandson of Dr. Hobart Amory Hare, who was professor of therapeutics at Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia for three decades. He was a son of Bishop William Hobart Hare, and grandson of Bishop Mark Antony de Wolfe Howe. Dr. Hare was the author of "The Physiological Effects of Tobacco," 1885. (Dr. H.A. Hare Dies; Noted Physician. New York Times, Jun. 16, 1931.) This screed was just the usual compendium of scare stories and reprehensible "experiments" on helpless animals. (The physiological and pathological effects of the use of tobacco, by Dr. Hobart Amory Hare. Fiske Fund Dissertation No. XXXIV, 1885.) Dr. Hare was a nephew of J. Montgomery Hare. (Services For J.M. Hare. New York Times, Jul. 18, 1928; Samuel Carpenter and his descendants. By Edward Carpenter, Louis Henry Carpenter, 1912, p. 187.)

The Physiological Effects of Tobacco / Google Books
Samuel Carpenter and his descendants, p. 187 / Google Books

The founder of the clan, Theodore Weicker Sr., was born in Darmstadt, Germany in 1861. He joined E. Merck, then went to London in 1882 where he was associated with an export house. He came to New York in 1885, became a citizen and then a partner in the American branch of Merck & Co. for fifteen years. He he got degrees in pharmacy and pharmaceutical chemistry at Columbia. After Edward R. Squibb, the founder of the Squibb Company, died in 1905, he joined with Lowell M. Palmer to buy the name of the firm. His wife was Florence Palmer. (Theo. Weicker, 79, Squibb Head, Dies. New York Times, Aug. 8, 1940.)

Health Fascism at TFAH

Jeffrey W. Levi of TFAH is project director of a $7,669,235 grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, to run from Aug 1, 2007 to Jul 31, 2010, to "build consensus for how a modern public health system should be structured, funded, staffed and held accountable, and then advance a policy platform for 'A Healthier America: Modernizing Public Health for the 21st Century.'... Key components of the project will include: 1. Consensus-building forums to bring together experts in public health, health care, philanthropy, community organizations and business, and incorporate the best evidence available to develop a policy framework for a modern, effective, well-funded and accountable public health system. 2. Refine the Healthier America agenda framework with key stakeholders and non-traditional partners, building on the RWJF-supported national Healthier America Summit in June 2007. 3. Promote and publicize policies and recommendations that support the Healthier America framework and strengthen public health. 4. Produce and disseminate strategic policy reports that focus attention on important public health issues and policy choices, provide recommendations for improving and modernizing public health and reach key stakeholders within the public health arena, including policy-makers, media, opinion leaders, and the general public, on topics such as state emergency preparedness and public health funding. 5. Conduct strategic communications and policy-maker education, including media and non-partisan educational initiatives. Communications activities will be closely coordinated with RWJF and other partners. Success for the Healthier America project will be measured by the number of partners who are engaged in the project and the level in which public health issues are raised to prominence at the national level through policy reports, media coverage, statements from prominent policy-makers and other influentials, briefings and policy hearings." (Building sustainable advocacy capacity for improving the nation's public health system. RWJF Grant number 61977.) In other words, to coordinate the nationwide health fascism lobby before and during the anticipated healthcare reform legislation.

Building sustainable advocacy capacity for improving the nation's public health system / RWJF

TFAH hosted a summit of health fascist organizations and officials, including the American Public Health Association, Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, Center for Science in the Public Interest, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, The California Endowment, The New York Academy of Medicine, and others. Gov. Mitch Daniels (R-IN) and former Governor Mark Warner (D-VA) "will deliver keynote remarks about public health policies and practices that can help Americans live healthier lives." Jo Ivey Boufford, MD, President of the New York Academy of Medicine, was a panelist on "Health and the U.S. Economic Competitiveness: How to Keep Our Workers Healthy and Costs Down," moderated by moderated by Risa Lavizzo-Mourey of RWJF. The event was also supported by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, The California Endowment, The Duke Endowment, and The Pew Charitable Trusts. (Healthier America Summit Calls for Action to Governors, Government Officials, Business Executives, Health Experts, Media, and Community Leaders. TFAH, Jun. 12, 2007.)

Healthier America Summit Calls for Action / TFAH

The $7.6 million RWJF grant also funded a compendium of shopworn lies. For their Big Lie that tobacco use costs society $180 billion a year, they cite the Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids, "Fact Sheet: Lifetime Health Costs of Smokers vs. Former Smokers vs. Nonsmokers," which in turn is based on Hodgson 1992, which concocted its fraudulent smoking cost claims by "discounting," and falsely blamed smoking for diseases which are actually caused by infection; and on the CDC's even more disreputable SAMMEC, which outrageously pretends that non-smokers' costs don't exist at all. Their key policy demands, needless to say, are for bogus "healthy foods" and to "Raise cigarette and other tobacco tax rates." (Prevention for a Healthier America. Trust for America's Health, 2007.)

Prevention for a Healthier America / RWJF (pdf, 72 pp)

The Trust for America’s Health (TFAH) and The New York Academy of Medicine (NYAM) released a specious compendium of supposedly "proven" community health fascism programs. This featured the Pawtucket Heart Health Program, a mass media campaign and community programs inflicted on 71,000 hapless pawns, which purported to find that "Five years into the intervention, the risks for cardiovascular disease and coronary heart disease had decreased by 16 percent among members of the randomly selected intervention population." This and the other worthless programs hype their supposed impact on the basis of a priori presumptions, rather than measuring any actual reduction in events. They also ignore the fact that heart disease death rates have fallen steadily since 1961, and at the same rate among smokers as among non-smokers. The whole lot of those studies put together don't equal the government's $625 million randomized controlled dietary modification trial on 165,000 women, which found no effects of fruits and vegetables or reduction in fats on cardiovascular disease. (The Compendium of Proven Community-Based Prevention Programs. TFAH, Sep. 2009.)

The Compendium of Proven Community-Based Prevention Programs / TFAH

RWJF also funded a November, 2009 poll purporting to find that Americans support a Public Health Investment Fund proposed in the "healthcare reform" legislation, government intrusion into their personal lives (so-called "National Prevention and Wellness Strategy"). (Poll: American Public Supports Investment in Prevention As Part of Health Care Reform. TFAH Press Release, Nov. 2009.)

Poll: American Public Supports Investment in Prevention As Part of Health Care Reform / TFAH

Karen Hendricks and Jeffrey W. Levi are project directors of a $250,421 grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, to run from Dec 1, 2009 - Sep 30, 2010, for "Shaping public health's role in health reform implementation," RWJF Grant number 67088.

Shaping public health's role in health reform implementation / RWJF

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cast 08-04-10