The National Council for Clean Indoor Air

The National Council for Clean Indoor Air was set up (largely by EPA insiders) in August 1986 to lobby for the EPA to proclaim that passive smoking kills non-smokers. Richard Zimmer, a New Jersey state senator from the Johnson & Johnson Company's district and later a US Representative, was Chairman and A. Judson Wells was Vice-Chairman. "Members of the board of directors include Thomas Grumbly, executive director of the Health Effects Institute; Michael Brown, an attorney and former EPA deputy general counsel and enforcement counsel; and Josephine Cooper, vice president of the Synthetic Organic Chemical Manufacturers Association and former EPA Administrator for External Affairs. John C. Topping, Jr., an attorney and former staff director of EPA's Office of Air and Radiation, was instrumental in creating the council and serves as the group's general counsel, according to Bond." (Public Policy Group Formed on Indoor Air to Push for More Research on Radon, Smoking. Environment Reporter, Bureau of National Affairs, Aug. 22, 1986.)

Bureau of National Affairs, 1986 / UCSF

The NCCIA held a Policy Forum on Indoor Air on Sep. 20, 1987. Attendees included Sen. George Mitchell of South Dakota; Philip Angell of William D. Ruckelshaus Associates (the former EPA Administrator's firm), James Repace and numerous others connected with the EPA; Devra Lee Davis; representatives of the US House of Representatives Committee on Science and Technology; and Paul Lioy of the Robert Wood Johnson School of Medicine and Jan Stolwijk, who were later on the Science Advisory Board of the EPA and oversaw its ETS report.

Policy Forum on Indoor Air, 1987 / UCSF

John C. Topping Jr.

In 1966, John C. Topping Jr. was a member of the Ripon Society of the Republican Party, and a co-author of a report on "Southern Republicanism and the New South," on behalf of Republicans for Progress, headed by Charles P. Taft of Cincinnati. Republicans for Progress was "composed of Republican laymen, former officeholders and members of the Eisenhower administration. It has been conducting a continuing study of the party in the South. The Ripon Society is composed of young Republican progressives with national headquarters in Cambridge, Mass. It was founded in Ripon, Wis." (G.O.P. Groups See Chance to Rebuild Party in South. By John Herbers. New York Times, Oct. 30, 1966.) Mrs. Oswald Lord, former delegate to the United Nations, the wife of Oswald B. Lord, S&B 1926; Mrs. Webster B. Todd, the mother of EPA Administrator Christine Todd Whitman (19 Republicans Join Party Progressives. New York Times, Apr. 15, 1965), and Walter N. Thayer, who was a member of the Ash Council that created the US EPA in 1971, were also members of Republicans for Progress. (G.O.P. 'Unity' War Escalates Again. New York Times, Jun. 23, 1965). Topping's political crony, Charles Phelps Taft, Skull & Bones 1918, was the son of William H. Taft, S&B 1878, former US President and founding chairman of the Life Extension Institute. "Mr. Taft never ran for Federal office, but was appointed to several Government jobs in Washington in the 1940's and 1950's... A spokesman for the World Council of Churches described Mr. Taft as one of the most prominent laymen of the Episcopal Church in the United States. In 1947 and 1948, Mr. Taft served as the first lay president of the Federal Council of Churches of Christ in America, the predecessor of the National Council of Churches of Christ in the U.S.A." He was born in 1897 in Cincinatti, and was the brother of Sen. Robert A. Taft [S&B 1910]. He joined the firm of Taft, Stettinius & Hollister. (Charles P. Taft, former Mayor of Cincinnati. By Joseph B. Treastor. New York Times, Jun. 25, 1983.) Charles P. Taft's son, Seth C. Taft, was a partner in the Cleveland office of the law firm of Jones, Day, Reavis & Pogue. (Phyllis Yale Engaged to S. Tucker Taft. New York Times, May 2, 1982.)

John C. Topping Jr., an attorney, was a cult follower of Repace and Lowrey, who boasted of the scientific acceptance of their corrupt pseudo-science on the basis of an editorial by Scott T. Weiss of Harvard Medical School in the January 1986 issue of the American Review of Respiratory Disease, "Passive Smoking and Lung Cancer: What Is the Risk?" He also blathers that, "As a lineal descendent of Sir Humphrey Gilbert, fellow explorer half brother of Sir Walter Raleigh, I must ruefully concede that James I may have had more prescience than is generally ascribed to him by historians." [No, he and his ilk represent the forces of darkness, ignorance, and rule by intrigue - as these anti-smokers' conspiracy to foist the corrupt "EPA" report on the public indisputably proves - cast.] (Passive Smoking and the Innocent Victim. By John C. Topping Jr. Estimated date Jan. 1986.) "Exposure of non-smokers to tobacco smoke 'may be one of the leading environmental sources of death,' John C. Topping Jr., a top official of the Environmental Protection Agency, said yesterday. He called for 'strong steps to cut down involuntary exposure to cigarette smoke.' (Experts Differ on Effects of 'Passive Smoke.' By Steve Goldberg. Richmond Times-Dispatch, Jan. 30, 1986.) Topping spoke at the public meeting of the National Research Council Committee on Passive Smoking, Jan. 29, 1986, along with fellow NCCIA founder A. Judson Wells. (Memo, Carol J. Henry of ICF Incorporated to Sheldon Sommers of the Council for Tobacco Research, Feb. 6, 1986.) Note that ICF was the corrupt EPA contractor which handled the illegal pass-through contracts to Wells to secretly write the "EPA" Report on ETS.

Passive Smoking and the Innocent Victim / UCSF
Henry to Sommers, 1986 / UCSF

Memorandum from Carol Hrycaj to Susan Stuntz, June 18, 1987: "John Topping and John Bond of the National Council for Clean Indoor Air (NCCIA) requested and subsequently met with Sandra Eberle, Office of Program Management and Budget, Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC). In a telephone conversation this morning, Ms. Eberle discussed the May 29, 1987 meeting and speculated as to NCCIA's intent... Ms. Eberle explained that Bond and Topping were interested in CPSC plans to develop the booklets [on indoor air pollution] and specifically, how their organization might be funded by CPSC. Eberle said, 'Basically, they're interested in the Commission's money.' She added that in the past, NCCIA received funding from EPA for projects including work on EPA's conferences." An article from National Wildlife citing an NCCIA claim that involuntary tobacco smoke may cause 46,000 deaths a year was also attached.

Hrycaj to Stuntz, 1987 / UCSF

"John C. Topping Jr. President of the Climate Institute since its founding in 1986, he is co-author of the Clean Air Handbook on U.S. air pollution law, and Editor of two books on climate change: Preparing for Climate Change, and Coping With Climate Change. He served as Editor for portions of the 1990 Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change on impacts on human settlements, energy, transportation, industry, human health, air quality, and UV-B radiation, and was Lead Author of those portions concerning human settlements, transportation, and industry. A former Staff Director of the Office of Air and Radiation of the U.S. Environmental Agency [1983-86 -cast], he is a graduate of Dartmouth College and Yale Law School." (Topping bio, Penn State Earth System Science Center. Link died,

"John C. Topping Jr., president of the Climate Institute and a former Republican staff director of the Office of Air and Radiation of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, told the Cox News Service earlier this month that some energy companies devised a plan to attack the credibility of climate science in the late 1980s. Playing off the news media's tendency to include both sides of an issue - and not looking too closely at the details - the companies were able to create the impression that scientists were deeply divided over whether or not global warming existed. Topping said, 'It was all very shrewdly done.' As a result of this manipulation of the news media, further fueled by most mainstream reporters' lack of critical examination of the issues, people were led to believe that science was still unsure of the cause of global temperature increases." (Healing Our World: Weekly Comment by Jackie Alan Giuliano. June 2003.) One of the details to note is that this piece of garbage is a lawyer of the John Banzhaf ilk and not a scientist at all. And see how they operate just like the anti-smoking movement: First, they create the illusion of consensus by using their political connections to shovel all the money into the pockets of their own stooges, while denying it to others, and utilizing their numerous media connections to spread their propaganda. Then, if anyone dares squeak in opposition, and the media make a vestige of an attempt to present the other side, they launch their favorite smear accusing their opponents of being deceitful. It proves that the only intellectual environment that these filthy lice are willing to accept is one in which all opposition has been silenced. Just like the anti-smokers, they are fascist vermin who ought to be eradicated.

Giuliano, 2003 /

A. Judson Wells - the real author of the "EPA" ETS Report

A. Judson Wells was director of DuPont's specialty products division, which developed Pro-Tek monitoring badges. The article also recited a fraudulent claim that "In Chicago, air pollution kills an estimated 1,500 persons a year, according to a University of Illinois School of Public Health study of 173,000 deaths that occurred between 1971 and 1975." (New breed of mechanical detective works to make the workplace hazard-free. By Elaine Markoutsas. Chicago Tribune, June 20, 1979.) In 1934, A. Judson Wells of Highland Park, Illinois, was awarded a $1,000 fellowship for his freshman year at Harvard University by the Harvard club of Chicago. (Ten Win Fellowships to Harvard College. New York Times, Jul. 31, 1934; Awarded Scholarship. Chicago Daily Tribune, Aug. 2, 1934.) Wells' father-in-law was Alexander H. Gunn, Jr., of Evanston. He was a combustion engineer who graduated from the University of Illinois in 1907. (Obituaries. Chicago Daily Tribune, Aug. 23, 1949.) Wells' brother-in-law, Buckingham W. Gunn, was program director for WGN radio in Chicago. (Mr. Gunn Fires; Deflates Radio Glamor Balloon. By Larry Wolters. Chicago Daily Tribune, Nov. 17, 1946.) He was on the committee for the Chicago fund drive of the American Cancer Society. (2 Publicity Chiefs Named for $750,000 Cancer Fund Drive. Chicago Daily Tribune, Mar. 21, 1949.) He was named "permanent public relations chairman" of the Illinois division of the ACS. (Cancer Society Names Public Relations Man. Chicago Daily Tribune, Dec. 21, 1952.) He was an account executive of Foote, Cone & Belding advertising agency [the successor of Albert D. Lasker's firm, Lord & Thomas]. (Gunn to Head Cancer Crusade Publicity Group. Chicago Daily Tribune, Mar. 15, 1953.) Wells' brother-in-law, Alexander H. Gunn of Glencoe, was a senior vice president of the J. Walter Thompson advertising agency, who was with that firm since 1931. He graduated from the University of Illinois and was a director of the Chicago City Missionary Society. (Thompson Ad Executive, A.H. Gunn, 56, Dies. Chicago Tribune, May 30, 1966.) Wells' brother-in-law, Jan Varick Gunn, was president of Gunn & Pegelow, Inc., a heating and ventilating firm. (Obituaries. Chicago Daily Tribune, Oct. 5, 1961.) This company is still in business, and has presumably profited from the hysteria over secondhand smoke.

Adoniram Judson Wells III married into a family that was well-connected to Yale University. His father-in-law's father, Alexander Hunter Gunn Sr. (1834-1893), Yale 1854, was the son of Dr. Alexander N. Gunn of New York City. (Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale, 1890-1900, p. 233.) A.H. Gunn Sr. married the daughter of Giles Buckingham Willcox (1826-1922), Skull & Bones 1848, who was professor of pastoral theology and church history at Chicago Theological Seminary since 1879. (Bulletin of Yale University. Obituary Record of Yale Graduates 1922-1923, pp. 4-6.) G.B. Wilcox [sic] of Chicago Theological Seminary was one of the signers of the Blackstone Memorial in 1891. (The Blackstone Memorial, 1891. AMF International.) His wife was foreign secretary of the Women's Missionary League for thirty years. (Obituary. Chicago Daily Tribune, June 21, 1919.) Gunn's brother, Charles Alexander Gunn (1870-1945), was a Presbyterian missionary. He graduated from the University of Illinois School of Architecture. He was missions architect for the Philippines, South China and Hainan from 1916 to 1921, then transferred to Shanghai until 1939, when it became a battleground between Chinese and Japanese forces. (Daughter Fears for Parents in Peiping Mission. Chicago Daily Tribune, July 31, 1937; Charles A. Gunn. New York Times, Oct. 20, 1945.) His daughter, Harriet, and her husband, Roger C. Cumberland, spent many years in Iraq. They settled near Occidental College in Los Angeles upon their return. (Armour Morris to Stay Three Years in Arabia. By Ruth Billheimer. Chicago Daily Tribune, Feb. 25, 1940.)

Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale, 1890-1900, p. 233 / Google Books
Obituary Record 1922-1923 / Yale University Library (pdf, 385 pp)

Wells was "a retired research executive with the Du Pont Co.," who worked with the American Lung Association twice a week. ('Sidestream' smoking data challenged. AP. Syracuse Herald-Journal, July 10, 1988.) May 20, 1993, A. Judson Wells Relevant Background Information by Philip Morris. "Wells is a physical chemist who worked for S.I. du Pont in research and development for 40 years prior to his retirement in 1980. He has served as a consultant to the American Lung Association since 1981. In several publications, Wells acknowledged support from the American Lung Association. A spokesperson from the American Lung Association noted that her organization had been called 'the number one enemy of the Tobacco Institute,' and said her organization had not endorsed Wells' work, but 'that's not to say it won't happen.'"...Wells presented two papers at the Sixth World Conference on Smoking and Health, giving the American Lung Association as his affiliation in one, and as the Vice Chairman of the National Council for Clean Indoor Air in the other, but his home address was given in both... A New Zealand newspaper reports: 'Professor [Stanton] Glantz has been involved in work by an American researcher, Judson Wells.' In his deposition as an expert witness for the plaintiff in UBHI, a California Worker's Compensation case, Glantz named James Repace and A. Judson Wells, his 'friends' and 'colleagues,' as the two primary experts that had quantified the risks associated with ETS."

Wells Background Information, 1993 / UCSF
Wells CV, Aug. 1994 / UCSF

Wells was an observer of the NCI's Ad Hoc Program Advisory Group on Passive Smoking in 1981. Its Chairman was Ernst L. Wynder of the American Health Foundation, and participants included AHF Associate Director Dietrich Hoffmann, Thomas Osdene of Philip Morris, Alexander Spears of Lorillard, Lawrence Garfinkel of the ACS, and Michael Guerin of ORNL. Other observers included Berton Freedman of the American :Lung Association and Peter Greenwald of the New York State Health Department. The meeting was attended by representatives of the National Cancer Institute, NINCDS, and Public Health Service.

Ad Hoc Program Advisory Group on Passive Smoking, 1981 / UCSF
Observers, Ad Hoc Program Advisory Group on Passive Smoking, 1981 / UCSF

Wells participated in Work Group 4, "Smoking Control in the Workplace," at the National Conference on Smoking OR Health, Developing a Blueprint for Action, Nov. 18-20, 1981. Robert Beck, Director of Benefits and Personnel Services of IBM, was its Group Leader. Other participants included Lloyd C. Arnold and James E. Burke of Johnson & Johnson; Andrew Brennan and Robert Johansen of the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company; Gilbert H. Collings Jr. and Loring Wood of The New York Telephone Company; Michael J. Cowell of State Mutual Life Assurance of America; James L. Craig of General Mills, Inc.; Irvine H. Dearnley and Christopher C. York of Citibank; Thomas F. Duzak of United Steelworkers of America; William A. Fishbeck of Dow Chemical Company; Willis Goldbeck, Ann Kiefhaber, and Leon J. Warshaw of the Washington Business Group on Health; Walter J. Hatcher of Pitney Bowes Inc.; Marvin M. Kristein of the American Health Foundation; Stanley M. Little of The Boeing Company; Murray P. Naditch of Control Data Corporation; Jan Peter Ozga of the US Chamber of Commerce; and Rebecca S. Parkinson of American Telephone and Telegraph.

Work Group 4, NCSH 1981 / UCSF

Wells was an volunteer of the American Lung Association's Smoking or Health Committee in 1982-83. Members included Millicent W. Higgins of the University of Michigan, and staff members Karen Monaco and Nancy Doyle.

ALA Smoking or Health Committee, 1982-83 / UCSF

"The Allied Social Science Associations Annual Meeting 12/28/83 in San Francisco included a session titled 'The Economics of Smoking: a Public Policy Issue,' presided over by A. Judson Wells, of the American Lung Association." Dorothy P. Rice, the "Mother of the Big Lie" that smoking is an economic burden to society, contributed 'Economic Costs of Smoking: An Analysis of Data for the United States;" and Stanton Glantz pariticipated as well. (Tobacco Merchants Association Issues Monitor 1984 Jan-Feb;5(1):7.)

TMA Issues Monitor, 1984 / UCSF

"A. Judson Wells, Ph.D., a volunteer for the American Lung Association, has said, 'We are always looking for ways to convince people that smoking isn't good for them. If they start getting the same message from the insurance industry maybe it will help." (Before the National Association of Insurance Commissioners Task Force on Health Promotion and Chemical Abuse. Carol Coyne, Stephen Katz, Cynthia Scheible. Dec. 10, 1984.) They spread the Big Lie that "smoking leads to higher health care costs."

National Association of Insurance Commisioners, 1984 / UCSF

Jonathan Samet thanked Wells "for his helpful comments" in Samet's effort to blame secondhand smoke for causing cancer in nonsmokers (The Relationship Between Passive Exposure to Cigarette Smoke and Cancer. In: Indoor Air and Human Health. Richard B. Gammage and Stephen B. Kaye, editors. Lewis Publishers, Inc., 1985).

Samet, 1985 (book copy) / UCSF
Samet, 1985 (manuscript) / UCSF

Wells spoke at the public meeting for the Committee on Passive Smoking of the National Academy of Sciences, Jan. 29, 1986. Fellow speakers included anti-smoker Lawrence Garfinkel of the ACS; John Topping, leaving his position Staff Director of the EPA "to join private sector" (including helping co-found the NCCIA); and John Banzhaf of ASH. (Letter from Carol Henry, Vice President of Toxicology of corrupt EPA contractor ICF Inc., to Sheldon C. Sommers, member of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Council for Tobacco Research, summarizing speakers' major points; Feb. 6, 1986.) This committee concocted the NAS report: "The Office of Air and Radiation of the Environmental Protection Agency and the Office on Smoking and Health of the Department of Health and Human Services asked the National Research Council to evaluate methods for assessing exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and to review the literature on the health consequences from such exposures. The National Research Council responded to this request by appointing 11 scientists to serve on the Committee on Passive Smoking, in the Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, under the Commission on Life Sciences." It was funded by the EPA and the Department of Health and Human Services. (Environmental Tobacco Smoke: Measuring Exposures and Assessing Health Effects. National Academy Press, 1986).

Henry to Sommers, 1986 / UCSF
Environmental Tobacco Smoke, 1986 / UCSF

Wells presented "Passive Smoking Mortality A Review and Preliminary Risk Assessment," at the 79th Annual Meeting of the Air Pollution Control Association, June 22-27, 1986.

APCA 79th Annual Meeting, 1986 / UCSF

"Testimony on Passive Smoking Mortality A Review and Preliminary Risk Assessment by A. Judson Wells, Ph.D., Vice Chairman, National Council for Clean Indoor Air, before the Natural Resources, Agricultural Research and Environment Subcommittee of the Committee on Science and Technology, U.S. House of Representatives, Sep. 16, 1986." Other members of Wells's panel were Jan Stolwijk, Chairman of the Department of Epidemiology and Public Health at Yale University; Richard Zimmer, Chairman of NCCIA; and Ken Sexton, Director of Research at the Health Effects Institute.

Wells Testimony, Sep. 17, 1986 / UCSF
Witness List, Sep. 17, 1986 / UCSF

Tobacco Institute President Samuel D. Chilcote, Jr. observed of this hearing, "The statement of government witnesses (EPA and DOE) were straightforward with the major focus being on the threat posed by radon. However, it was apparent that Chairman [James H.] Scheuer and Dr. Wells wished to establish their opinions that smoking restrictions or a complete ban on smoking should be implemented in federal buildings and aboard commercial aircraft." (Memo to The Executive Committee, Sep. 17, 1986.)

Chilcote Memo, Sep. 17, 1986 / UCSF

International Specialty Conference on Combustion Processes and the Quality of the Indoor Environment, Sep. 27-29, 1988. Participants included Wells; James Repace of the EPA; David Coultas and Jonathan Samet of the University of New Mexico; John McCarthy and John Spengler of the Harvard School of Public Health; and Douglas Dockery. (Leonard S. Zahn letter to Robert F. Gertenbach, Jan. 10, 1989.)

Zahn to Gertenbach, 1989 / UCSF

Nancy Haley of the American Health Foundation told British tobacco industry consultant Peter N. Lee that "Judson Wells is continuing his work at estimating the number of deaths due to passive smoking. Apparently a paper is due to appear in Environment International shortly claiming tens of thousands of deaths a year from all causes - no doubt the figure includes large and totally unreliable contributions from heart disease and cancer other than the lung." He also visited Ernst Wynder and Geoffrey Kabat at AHF headquarters "in the impressive Ford Foundation building in New York." (Visit to New York, PN Lee, Nov. 7, 1988.)

Lee Visit to New York, 1988 / UCSF

An Estimate of Adult Mortality in the United States From Passive Smoking. A. Judson Wells. Environment International 1988;14:249-265. "Helpful correspondence and discussion" came from James Robins, NA Dalager, JM Samet, WJ Blot, LC Koo, AH Wu, G Pershagen, DP Sandler, D Trichopoulos and JL Repace of the passive smoking old-boy network. Letters by Alan W. Katzenstein (1990) and Peter N. Lee (1991 & 1992).

Wells, Environment International 1988 / UCSF
Katzenstein, Environmental International 1990 / UCSF
Lee, Environment International 1991 / UCSF
Lee, Environment International 1992 / UCSF

In a statement before an OSHA informal public hearing on proposed rulemaking vis-a-vis Indoor Air Quality, est. date April 5, 1994, A. Judson Wells said that "From 1989 to 1993 I was an unpaid consultant to Kenneth G. Brown, Inc., a subcontractor to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in their work leading up to the publication of their report: Respiratory Health Effects of Passive Smoking: Lung Cancer and Other Disorders. I am a coauthor of that report. More recently I have consulted, again unpaid, for the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration on health effects of passive smoking and am testifying on their behalf today."

Wells to OSHA, 1994 / UCSF

Passive Smoking as a Cause of Heart Disease. A. Judson Wells, Ph.D. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 1994 Aug;24(2):546-554.

Wells, JACC 1994 / UCSF

National Public Radio media propaganda on Wells's 1994 article: "I'm Jan Nunley with this summary of environment news. About 47,000 people are expected to die this year from heart disease linked to breating other peoples' cigarette smoke. Research presented in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology also predicts that as many as 150,000 people will have non-fatal heart attacks associated with secondhand smoke. The author of this report, A. Judson Wells, is a volunteer consultant to the Environmental Protection Agency, the Labor Department, and the American Lung Association. For this study, Dr. Wells used the same statistical method that the EPA used in a 1992 report, which found that 3,000 people die each year from lung cancer linked to seondhand smoke. The tobacco industry questions the accuracy of that earlier study." (NPR Living on Earth News, Aug. 5, 1994.)

Living on Earth News, Aug. 5, 1994 /


The Associated Press also failed to mention the salient fact of Wells's authorship of the EPA report, which the anti-smokers concealed by means of their illegal pass-through contract with ICF Inc. (Study: Others' Smoke Will Kill 47,000 Nonsmokers From Heart Disease in 1994. By Paul Raeburn, AP Science Editor. Aug. 1, 1994). And, the Washington Times published an abbreviated version of the AP report which omitted The Tobacco Institute's response (the first page of which is at ti/TIMN0327200).

Raeburn, AP 1994 / UCSF
Raeburn, Washington Times, 1994 / UCSF

Lung Cancer From Passive Smoking at Work. AJ Wells. Am J Public Health 1998 Jul;88(7):1025-1029.

Wells - Am J Public Health 1998 full article / UCSF

In 2001, Wells was a member of the expert panel of the report of the Ontario Tobacco Research Unit of the University of Toronto, "Protection from second-hand tobacco smoke in Ontario," along with his old partners-in-crime, James Repace and Jennifer Jinot of the US EPA.

Protection from second-hand tobacco smoke in Ontario, 2001 / Clean Air Coalition of B.C. (pdf, 66 pp)

Mrs. A. Judson Wells was a director of the National Defense University Foundation for "more than a decade" when she retired in 2000.

NDU Foundation Newsletter, Summer-Fall 2000 / National Defense University (pdf)

Wells's "expertise" was used in the Atkinson v. Taylor prison ETS lawsuit in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 3rd Circuit, Jan. 21, 2003.

Atkinson v. Taylor, 2003 / Villanova University School of Law (pdf)

Wells is a member of the Board of Directors of the Delaware Breast Cancer Coalition.

About / Delaware Breast Cancer Coalition

Richard Zimmer

Richard Zimmer, a lawyer, was chairman of New Jersey Common Cause from 1974 to 1977; a member of the New Jersey State Assembly from 1982-87; New Jersey State Senator from 1987-91; and a Republican Congressman from 1991 until 1997. He represented the Robert Wood Johnson district of New Jersey. He ran for Democratic Sen. Bill Bradley's seat against Robert Torricelli in 1996 and lost, and also lost to Rush Holt in the 2000 election.

Zimmer bio / US Congress


cast 01-31-13