Horace Greeley and Boss Tweed Racketeer Against Tobacco, 1871-2

The Tobacco Manufacturing Association

"The Company alluded to is the Tobacco Manufacturing Association of No. 32 Warren-street, who manufacture cigars by machinery to a great extent. The history of this Company offers some peculiar features which will be of special interest to the public from the connection of Mr. HORACE GREELEY with the concern. Last Summer, a Mr. MEYER, of New-Haven, got out a patent for various machinery to be used in the manufacture of cigars. This patent included what is called by cigar-makers a mold. It was not the invention of Mr. MEYER, for it had been in use for several years in Germany, and he did not introduce it into this country, for that had already been done by leading cigar-makers in New-York. These are, for the most part, Germans, and, though the fact has not been definitely ascertained who first introduced the use of this mold, it is believed that it was adopted here very shortly after its invention in Germany. It was, however, included in Mr. MEYER's patent, and he came to New York to see whether he could not get a royalty from cigar-makers who used it. As pretty nearly all do, he would have made a splendid haul if he had succeeded. He interested Mr. WM. M. TWEED in his scheme, and a joint stock company was formed... As soon as the company was organized, a place was taken on Vesey-street, some time in the Fall, and the cigar-making operations were commenced in full vigor... the saving in labor is very considerable, and the Association was able to supply the low rum mills throughout the City at quite a low figure. Flushed with anticipations of great profits, the Company moved to larger quarters, and took the large house No. 32 Warren-street, occupying all but the ground floor. The second floor was fitted up in the most elaborate style, with a large board-room for the meeting of the directors. The directors' table was a very grand affair, and contained a large drawer for each member, with his name beautifully engraved on a brass plate. HORACE GREELEY's position was between Mr. GRINNELL and Mr. TWEED, where he sat like a philosophical Hercules between Public Virtue and Public Vice. But particular honors were paid to Mr. GREELEY, who alone of all the Board had a large letter-box for correspondence, with his initials conspicuously fixed in brass characters. This change of location took place about the beginning of last April. Reporters flocked around, thinking there was going to be a grand opening, but Mr. HOLDREGE or Mr. MIDDLEBROOK politely received them all, and informed them that the Association did not desire any notice at all. One or two urged that they would like to see the machinery and describe its operations, whereupon Mr. HOLDREGE honestly admitted that they did not desire to bring the fact of the machinery before the public, and they did not in their sales say anything about it. The plain English of this was that they sold machine-made cigars as hand-made. One weekly paper commented upon this fact, and jeered greatly at the union between the saint GREELEY and the sinner TWEED." (What Horace Greeley Knows About Tobacco. The New York Times, Oct. 25, 1871.)

From "Our 'Honest Uncle's' Tammany Partnership." The New York Times, June 2, 1872.

"Mr. GREELEY, during a long lifetime, has denounced the use of tobacco, and insisted that the man who used it in any form was quite as guilty and degraded as the drunkard. Mr. GREELEY was also, until the Spring of 1871, in the habit of denouncing TWEED as one of the most corrupt Democratic politicians in the country. Nevertheless, in April, 1871, Mr. GREELEY joined with TWEED and NATHANIEL SANDS in forming a joint-stock company for the manufacture and sale of tobacco and cigars, and also with TWEED and SANDS was elected to manage the affairs of the company as a trustee. He kept his connection with this comapany a secret, and was therefore under no necessity of changing his profound opinions on the sin of using tobacco. He was, however, compelled to defend his partner, TWEED, as openly as he dared when the TIMES began its attack upon the "Ring." We copy the original certificate of incorporation under which Messrs. GREELEY and TWEED's tobacco company came into existence." Dated April 25, 1871, and personally sworn before William O. Shipman, Notary Public, New York County, the directors consisted of Nathaniel Sands; Moses H. Grinnell; Horace Greeley; Samuel W. Barnard; William M. Tweed; Henry C. Holly; Henry Holdrege; Courtlandt Palmer; and Albert S. Yeaton. (Our "Honest Uncle's" Tammany Partnership. The New York Times, Jun 2, 1872.)

"The Chicago Tribune has the impudence to deny the fact that GREELEY was ever mixed up in any way with TWEED. Its ignorance of New-York politics may be some excuse for its not being aware that GREELEY tried hard to shield the Tammany Ring all last year; that his acknowledged friends, ALVORD and TOM FIELDS, combined with the corrupt Rings in the Legislature, to defeat every Reform measure; and that the 'honest wood-chopper's' principal supporters in this City now are Waldo Hutchins, A. Oakey Hall, Sheriff Brennan, Morrissey, and Ben Wood. These are notorious facts, although they may still be unheard of in the offices of the Chicago Tribune. But if more evidence is wanted of GREELEY's intimate personal connections with TWEED & Co., here you have it, in official and certified copies, accompanied with sworn affidavits, of the deed of a certain Company..." (Greeley's Connections With Tweed. The New York Times, June 19, 1872.)

From "Tweed and Greeley," The New York Times, Sep. 9, 1872.

"The Company was got up largely through one Charles C. Yeaton, who derived his influence chiefly through the fact that he was a pet of Greeley's. After the Company got well under way, and its elegant quarters in Warren-street had been fitted up with the comfortable chair for Mr. Greeley to sleep in, Mr. Yeaton began to make claims upon the Company which they could not recognize. They then bethought themselves to inquire what manner of man Mr. Greeley's friend Yeaton was. They soon found that he stood recorded on the judicial records of the State as a boarding-house swindler who contracted debts on false pretenses, who had been an inmate of the Ludlow-street Jail, and whose character was shown by numerous affidavits to be utterly worthless. After a time the officers of the Company heard rumors that some proceedings were to be taken against the Company, through the Ring Attorney-General, and that Mr. Tweed was in the scheme. They therefore took the precaution of applying at the Attorney-General's office, in Albany, and were informed that nothing of the kind had been done. Immediately after this they were astonished to receive papers on an action commenced by the Attorney-General, entitled "The People on the relation of Albert S. Yeaton (a brother of Charles C. Yeaton) against the Tobacco Manufacturers' Association and certain individual directors," with a notice of a motion to be made before Judge Cardozo for the appointment of a receiver. This combination of names -- Tweed as mover, Cardozo as judge, and E.R. Meade, W.O. Barlett, and Gratz Nathan as attorneys -- showed them that they were in the hands of the Philistines... The Company, confident that under the circumstances, they would not get justice before Cardozo, set to work with delaying the hearing and decision of a motion for a receiver, to placate Mr. Tweed, whom they supposed at that time to be the only 'power behind the throne' in the case." They arranged to buy Tweed's stock, at par and interest, for something over $11,000. Next, in the sworn deposition of a Company witness:

"...It is well to note here the shrewdness of the game that was being played. Mr. Greeley had not the effrontery to propose that his fellow-directors should pay him $5,000 for the stock which he had managed to get gratuitously, but he told them they must arrange with Yeaton. Yeaton's lawyer, Meade, tells them to pay Greeley."

"It would probably have been, even then, possible for Mr. Greeley to succeed, and to force the Company to pay the unjust claims of his friend Yeaton, and to buy his five thousand dollars of stock which he had subscribed for, but for which he had never paid one cent, had it not been that, just at this time, a letter from the Deputy Attorney-General fell into the hands of the counsel of the Company, armed with which they proceeded to seek an interview with Attorney-General Champlain, who was then running for re-election. Its contents were such that, in view of the reform sentiment then developed, the Ring Attorney-General was glad to give a stipulation discontinuing all proceedings against the Company -- only exacting a provision that the order to that effect should not be enforced or made public till the day after the election." (Tweed and Greeley. The New York Times, Sep. 9, 1872.)

From the New York Times, Sept. 10, 1872, pg. 4: "Tobacco."

"Among the many disreputable associations of the Tammany candidate for the Presidency, not the least disreputable was his connection with W.M. TWEED, NATHANIEL SANDS, and others, in the tobacco business. Journals like the Cincinnati Enquirer, which circulates slanders against President GRANT without troubling themselves to find out whether they can be sustained by a shadow of proof, have shown the most stubborn skepticism about the well-sustained charge that GREELEY was a partner of TWEED in a branch of industry which he professed to consider as pandering to popular vices. In the TIMES of yesterday, the history of that connection was traced to its inglorious close, through the records of the Supreme Court. The evidence is now absolutely final and convincing that HORACE GREELEY is guilty under all of the following counts:

I. On April 25, 1871, he became, in company with WM. M. TWEED, NATHANIEL SANDS, and others, a member of a corporation having for its object the manufacture of tobacco and cigars by machinery.

II. Of the capital stock of this Company, Mr. GREELEY subscribed for one-thirty-fifth part, or five thousand dollars.

III. A number of unsuspecting citizens took and paid for stock in this enterprise, on the strength of HORACE GREELEY's name, and in the faith that he had invested money in the concern to the amount for which he appeared on the books.

IV. Mr. GREELEY never paid a cent on his stock, and yet became a director and trustee of the corporation.

V. The "friend," on whose behalf it was claimed that Mr. GREELEY had interested himself in the enterprise, was one CHARLES C. YEATON, who appears on the judicial records of the State as a boarding-house swindler, and as having been an inmate of Ludlow-street Jail.

VI. This person attempted to levy blackmail on the corporation, with the full knowledge of Mr. GREELEY and with his apparent support.

VII. The chief agencies by which an attempt was made to "bleed" the honest members of the Company were WILLIAM M. TWEED, the Ring Attorney General, Judge CARDOZO, W.O. BARTLETT, E.R. MEADE, and GRATZ NATHAN.

VIII. The combined infamy of the plot and those who were carrying it out did not deter Mr. GREELEY from participating in it, and from being perfectly willing to profit by it, through the medium of the stock for which he had paid nothing.

IX. Had not the unexpected strength of the reform movement of last Fall alarmed the conspirators, there was a pretty certain prospect that the respectable members of the Tobacco Manufacturers' Association would be obliged to pay, on wholly illegal grounds, a large sum of money to the notorious plunderers with whom they had become associated.

X. HORACE GREELEY was on the side of the plunderers, and was open to realize money by corrupt means upon stocks he never paid for."

Horace Greeley (1811-1872)

Greeley's ties with Albany publisher Thurlow Weed (1797-1882) and William H. Seward (1801-1872) led to his editorship of the the campaign weekly, "Log Cabin." He founded the New Yorker in 1834 and the New York Tribune in 1841. (Horace Greeley / Thurlow Weed / William H. Seward. Crisis at Fort Sumter Website, Tulane University.)

Horace Greeley / Crisis at Fort Sumter, Tulane University

Benjamin Gratz Brown, Yale 1847, was the candidate for Vice President who ran with Greeley in the 1872 election. (Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale, 1880-1890, p. 313.)

Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale, 1880-1890, p. 313 / Google Books

Horace Greeley had been a friend of New York Times publisher George Jones since they were boys in Poultney, Vermont, where they were both employed by Amos Bliss - Jones as a clerk and errand boy in his hardware store, and Greeley as a printers' apprentice. Although Jones didn't like Greeley's business practice of subsidizing the New Yorker with the profits of the Tribune, and also lured Henry J. Raymond away from the Tribune, they continued to be friends until Greeley ran for President in 1872. ("The Times" and Its Owner. From Harper's Weekly. The New York Times, Feb. 19, 1890.)

Former newspaper man George E. Miles "accompanied Horace Greeley on his memorable Presidential campaign tour in 1872, and took verbatim reports of all of Mr. Greeley's speeches." Miles was later private secretary of Collis P. Huntington. (Close to Eminent Men. New York Times, July 12, 1891.)

When Greeley died, Whitelaw Reid assumed control of the Tribune. His son, Ogden Mills Reid, merged the paper with the New York Herald in 1922. After his death in 1947, his widow, Helen Rogers Reid, and sons, Whitelaw Reid II and Odgen Rogers Reid, ran the paper. It was sold to John Hay Whitney in 1958-59. NY Herald-Tribune and IHT. Ketupa Media Net, Sep. 2004.)

NY Herald-Tribune and IHT / Ketupa Net

Moses H. Grinnell

Moses Hicks Grinnell (1803-1877) was a former Congressman (Whig, 1839-40), and former Collector of the Port of New York. (Obituary. Nov. 25, 1877 p. 6.) He was President of the Sun Mutual Insurance Company, which in 1867 was forced to cancel all the scrip it had issued since its incorporation in 1841, and did so again in 1878. (Financial. New York Times, Apr. 7, 1867 p. 6; Classified Ad 9. New York Times, Oct. 26, 1871; Miscellaneous City News. New York Times, Feb. 2, 1878.) His son-in-law, George S. Bowdoin, was a director of Guaranty Trust between 1896 and 1902.

Edwin R. Meade

Meade was born in Norwich, Chenango County, N.Y. in 1836. He was admitted to the bar in 1858 and practiced in his home town until 1872, when he came to New York. "He at once entered actively into politics, was admitted to Tammany Hall, and became a warm friend of John Kelly. In 1874 he was elected to Congress from the Fifth District, defeating Edward Hogan, who ran as an Independent Democrat, and was indorsed by the Republicans." He failed to be renominated and resumed the practice of law in New York, but didn't prosper. In October 1889, he was picked up by the police and taken to Bellevue Hospital, and soon transferred to the Ward's Island Insane Asylum, where he died of paresis (syphilis). (Death of Edwin R. Meade. New York Times, Nov. 30, 1889.)

Albert J. Cardozo

Albert Jacob Cardozo (1828-1885) was born in Philadelphia in 1828. He began his career in the law office of Archibald Hilton, brother of Judge Henry Hilton. He was elected to the Supreme Court by a large majority in 1867. His wife, Rebecca Washington Nathan, was a sister of Benjamin Nathan. He was the father of Albert J. Cardozo Jr., who was also a lawyer, and the celebrated Judge Benjamin Nathan Cardozo. (Obituary. Albert Cardozo. New York Times, Nov. 9, 1885.) He left an estimated $100,000 in property in trust with Albert Jr., with his other children to share the interest. (Ex-Judge Cardozo's Will. New York Times, Nov. 17, 1885.) Albert J. Cardozo Jr. was a partner of Simpson, Werner & Cardozo. (Albert Cardozo. New York Times, Jan. 25, 1909.) Albert Cardozo Sr.'s brother, Abraham Hart Cardozo, was the great-great grandfather of the corporation counsel of anti-smoker New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg, Michael A. Cardozo - who is Albert Cardozo's nearest living relative. Michael A. Cardozo's great grandfather, Michael Hart Cardozo Sr. (1851-1906), was a brother of William Benjamin Cardozo (1865-1940), a vice president and director of the Farmer's Loan and Trust Company and the National City Bank. (Cardozo, Stern Genealogy, p. 29.) William B. Cardozo had ties to Bernard M. Baruch.

Cardozo, Stern Genealogy / American Jewish Archives (pdf, 1 p)

Henry W. Raymond, Skull & Bones 1869

Henry Warren Raymond (1847-1925) was the son of Henry Jarvis Raymond, who was associated with both Horace Greeley on the New York Tribune and with George Jones in founding the New York Times. Around 1858, he was taken to Europe by his parents and studied in France and Germany for three years. He returned to the U.S. at the outbreak of the Civil War, and served as an assistant to Dr. Grimes on the Sanitary Commission's ship, the Daniel Webster, for six months. He was a reporter for The New York Times from 1869 to 1872, and studied law at Columbia from 1869 to 1871. He was private secretary to the Secretary of the Navy [Benjamin F. Tracy, who succeeded William C. Whitney, S&B 1863, and continued his buildup policy] from 1889-93. (Henry Warren Raymond, B.A. 1869. Obituary Record of Yale Graduates 1924-1925, pp. 40-42.)

Yale Obituary Record, 1924-1925 / Yale University Library

The Tenth National Bank of New York

"TENTH NATIONAL BANK. NOW OPEN FOR BUSINESS AT NO. 240 BROADWAY. CAPITAL ONE MILLION DOLLARS. DIRECTORS. J.T SANGER Formerly of Wm. H. Cary & Co. E.L. FANCHER No. 229 Broadway. JOHN ELLIOT Of Riggs & Co., Wall-st. LEWIS EINSTEIN Of Lewis Einstein & Co. JOHN FALCONER Of Seamless Clothing Manuf'g Co. HENRY J. BAKER Of H.J. Baker & Brother. ALBERT G. LEE Of Coffin, Lee & Co. D.L. ROSS Of Ross, Dempster & Co. D.L. ROSS, President. J.H. STOUT, Cashier." Another ad on the same page proclaimed it to be a "Designated Depository and Financial Agent of the United States. By authority of the Secretary of the Treasury, this bank will receive subscriptions for the TEN-FORTY FIVE PER CENT, GOLD-BEARING BONDS. A liberal commission will be allowed parties subscribing at this bank." (New-York Times, Apr. 21, 1864, p. 10.)

Tenth National Bank election, Jan. 8, 1867: J.T. SANGER Formerly of Wm. H. Cary & Co. E.L. FANCHER, Esq. No. 240 Broadway JOHN ELLIOTT Messrs. Riggs & Co., Wall-st. and Washington LEWIS EINSTEIN Messrs. Lewis Einstein & Co. JOHN FALCONER Seamless Clothing Man'g Co. HENRY J. BAKER Messrs. H.J. Baker & Bro. ALBERT G. LEE Messrs. Coffin, Lee & Co. CHAS. G. BARRETT Messrs. Randolph, Skidmores & Co. ED. F. KNOWLTON Messrs. Wm. Knowlton & Son JACOB H. DATER Messrs. Jno. G. McMurray & Co. B.F. BEEKMAN Messrs. B.F. Beekman & Co. SAMUEL SHETHAR Messrs. Shethar & Nichols. WM. SULZBACHER Messrs. Sulzbacher, Gutterman & Weddeles. WM. W. WRIGHT Messrs. Wright, Brinckerhoff & Co. D.L. ROSS Messrs. Ross, Dempster & Co. Daniel L. Ross was President, J.H. Stout, Cashier. (New York Times, Jan. 12, 1867.)

"A rumor that the city deposits are about to be transferred from the Broadway to the Tenth National Bank seems to be borne out by an inspection of the statements of each for the past few weeks, the deposits of the latter having steadily gained, while those of the former have been falling off. At the annual election for officers of the Tenth National held to-day the following gentlemen were chosen: - President, William M. Bliss; Vice President, Isaac Bell; Cashier, Walter B. Palmer; Directors, William M. Bliss, Isaac Bell, Richard B. Connelly, Henry N. Smith, William M. Tweed, Bernard Smyth, James H. Ingersoll, Peter B. Sweeny, John J. Bradley, Hugh Smith, Joseph O. Skaden, James Watson, A.H. Barney, Henry Smith, A. Oakey Hall." (The City Banks. New York Herald, Jan. 12, 1870 p. 9.)

"Political favoritism and personal favoritism have been shown to be motives dictating the appointment of some Receivers and Referees in cases already spoken of in THE TIMES. The motive for the selection of the Receiver in the case of the defunct Tenth National Bank may be guessed by those who will take the trouble to read. Everybody knows what the Tenth National Bank was - that financial concern of which Messrs. Tweed, Sweeny, Hall, Connelly, Ingersoll, Bradley, Hugh Smith, and Jay Gould were the Directors. It was quite a family party which controlled and guided it; so it was very natural that Sweeny, when he was Chamberlain of the City, should select the bank as one of the depositories of the City moneys - these funds about this time having come to be regarded as the property of the family circle above mentioned. When Mr. Palmer, of the Broadway Bank, became Chamberlain, he continued the Tenth National as a depository, his nephew being then the President of the concern. While the Ring was in full sway, the bank (meaning the Directors mentioned above) claimed to have advanced to the County Courthouse Commission - appointed by Hall, and of which Ingersoll claimed to be Chairman - various sums of money aggregating $425,000. The bank (meaning the gentlemen named) claimed that this large sum had been paid on Ingersoll's checks, as Chairman of the commission. On his part, Ingersoll, at a subsequent period, did not deny having drawn the money, and it was proved by Mr. Tainter's investigations that nine-tenths of the amount had been deposited by Ingersoll to his own account in his own bank, and afterward divided among the various members of the Ring, a few of whose names may be detected in the list of bank Directors, as above given." The bank and the city filed lawsuits against each other to recover the money. "Meanwhile, the bank itself had smashed. It had lived on the patronage of the Ring, and when this went the bank went also. On the winding up it appeared that the persons principally interested in it were ex-Chamberlain Palmer and Jay Gould. As to Mr. Gould, it is known to all the world what his tactics are when he finds himself in a difficulty. It is an article of his faith that every man has his price, and that price he generally finds in his own coffers." Gould applied to his favorite judge, Judge Donohue, to have a Referee appointed. "He selected as the Referee no other than the partner of Smith M. Weed, notorious for his bribery transactions... It remains to be seen whether the Counsel to the Corporation will consent to permit, without remonstrance, the sacrifice of the public interests of the City in this way." [Emphasis added - William C. Whitney was the Corporation Counsel of New York City from 1875 to 1882. And Ashbel H. Barney was his sister's father-in-law.] (The Tenth National Bank. New York Times, Feb. 4, 1880 p. 8.) The City was ultimately forced to pay the bank $380,000 for money which Tweed et al. stole and divided. (A Relic of Tweed's Day. New York Times, Nov. 28, 1888.)

The 14 Indictments Against William E. King were dropped

The 14 indictments against William E. King of the Tweed Ring, all for obtaining money under false pretenses, were all dropped. Written on each: "At the request of the Attorney-General, the Corporation Counsel [William C. Whitney], and Mr. [Wheeler H.] Peckham, special counsel for the people, as expressed in the letter of the latter to the District Attorney, dated Aug. 14, 1877, a nolle prosequi is entered, with leave of the court, upon this indictment, as to William E. King. BENJAMIN K. PHELPS, District Attorney." They were entered by Judge Sutherland of the Court of General Sessions. "Not a particle of information could be obtained of the motives which induced the Attorney-General, the Corporation Counsel, Mr. Peckham, and District Attorney Phelps, to abandon the criminal proceedings against King, as all the gentlemen Named were absent from the City. In the absence of any other explanation, it is supposed that King, being anxious to return to this City, has either made restitution in money or volunteered to become a witness for the people. King was one of Tweed's many protégés. He originally filled a minor position around the City Hall; but was picked up by Tweed and elevated to a position in the Street Department. He subsequently became the confidential agent of 'the Boss' when the latter became President of the Department of Public works, and was used as the medium through which Tweed carried on his transactions with the other 'Ring' thieves, and the channel through which flowed back 'the Boss'' share of the spoils. He occupied under Tweed, in the Department of Public Works, a position similar to that filled by Watson under Connolly in the Finance Department, and was reputed to have received a considerable share of the 'Ring' plunder. At the break up of the Ring, which followed the exposures of THE TIMES, King fled to Europe, and was until lately residing in London." (Local Miscellany. Another Exile to Come Home. New York Times, Aug. 17, 1877.)

District Attorney Benjamin Kinsman Phelps graduated from Yale in 1853. He was the son of Dudley Phelps, Yale 1823, and Ann Kinsman. He married anna M. Catlin, and they had two daughters and a son. (Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale, 1880-1890, p. 36.)

Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale, 1880-1890, p. 36 / Google Books

The 1850s

The Whole World's Temperance Convention, 1853

Anti-smoking in the 1850s was a fellow-traveler of the women's suffrage movement, abolitionism, and vegetarianism. Horace Greeley and fellow anti-smoker P.T. Barnum were vice presidents of the organization, as was the Rev. John Pierpont. New York stockbroker C.B. Le Baron was its Secretary. The assembly was read letters of support from S.P. Chase of Cincinnati, and anti-smoker Horace Mann. (Woman and Temperance. New York Daily Times, Sep. 2, 1853, p. 1.) The New York Tribune's coverage of the Whole World's Temperance Convention of 1853. (E Pluribus Unum Project. Director, Dr. John McClymer, Professor of History, Assumption College.)

The Whole World's Temperance Convention, New York Tribune, 1853 / Assumption College

Rev. John Pierpont was the son of James and Elizabeth (Collins) Pierpont, and was born in Litchfield, Conn. He graduated from Yale in 1804, after which he was a teacher in the South and in New England. After studying law, he settled in Newburyport. "The war of 1812 interfered with his professional prospects, and he foresook the law for business, but met with indifferent success, both at Boston and Baltimore, and in 1818 he entered the Cambridge Divinity School. Less than a year after this time he was installed as pastor of the Hollis-street Unitarian Church at Boston, succeeding Rev. Dr. Holley, and for twenty-five years he held the pastorate of that church..." He left after "troubles and dissentions between himself and prominent men of his society which were never amicably settled." In 1845 he became the first pastor of the Unitarian Church at Troy, N.Y.; and four years later became a pastor at Medford. During the Civil War, Secretary Salmon P. Chase appointed him to a clerkship in the Treasury Department. (Obituary. Death of Rev. John Pierpont. New York Times, Aug. 30, 1866; Obituary Record, Yale 1859-1870, p. 227.) Rev. John Pierpont was a great-grandson of Yale founder Rev. James Pierpont. His daughter, Julia, in 1836 married Junius Spencer Morgan, the soon-to-be business partner of Charles Peabody (negotiations commenced in November 1853), who fathered John Pierpont Morgan.

Obituary Record, Yale 1859-1870, p. 227 / Internet Archive
Pierpont, John (1785-1866) Papers / University of Michigan

Yale founder Rev. James Pierpont (1660-1714) of New Haven was a royal descendant of William the Conqueror, King of England. (Americans of Royal Descent. By Charles Henry Browning, 1891, p. 614.)

Americans of Royal Descent, p. 614 / Google Books

The New-York Vegetarian Society, 1853

"On the 3d September this society held its first annual banquet at Metropolitan Hall. It was given as complementary to the Whole World's Temperance Convention." Anti-smoker R.T. Trall was its president, and anti-smoker Dr. Joel Shew was a vice president. C.B. Le Baron was corresponding secretary, and Henry S. Clubb, of the Tribune office, was a recording secretary. (New-York City. New York Daily Times, Nov. 2, 1853, p. 8.)

R.T. Trall

Trall whined that "some of the ladies of this refined and fashion-forming metropolis are aping the silly ways of some pseudo-accomplished foreigners, in smoking Tobacco through a weaker and more feminine article, which has been most delicately denominarted cigarette." (The Hundred-Year War Against the Cigarette, by Gordon L. Dillow. American Heritage Publishing Co., 10 Rockefeller Plaza, 1981.) Also included here in this anti-smoker-controlled official history is Horace Greeley's fatuous insult calling a cigar "a fire at one end and a fool at the other;" and the ravings of Dr. Joel Shew blaming eighty-seven maladies supposedly directly attributable to tobacco use, including insanity and hemorrhoids. They are all cited as if they represent the responsible opinions of independent individuals, rather than the slimy little clique of psychotics, financed by international banking conspirators, that they really are.

Dillow, 1981 / UCSF (pdf, 16 pp)


cast 06-13-11